They are teaching the alphabet just a few letters at a time while we learn a few vocabulary words. If you want to just learn all the alphabet at once without learning a few words then you can find a lot of resources outside Duolingo. Personally I like the way this course is doing it.
You do need do if it is a genuine yes-or-no question. What you're describing is an "echo" question, that is something you do not really seek a genuine answer to because you actually got that. What you are really asking is just a confirmation of the answer because of your genuine disbelief or a kind of faux outrage.
It is because of grammar. Proper English grammar one usually uses what is called a helper verb in order to start a sentence such do in this situation. In other languages they completely omit the do, such as German it would be "like you water? " Hebrew changes the spelling of the word when it comes to articles. Mom. אמא The mom. האמא Here the usual you is changed to demonstrate the helper verb do. You. את Do you. אהח In short the reason you got it wrong is because you forgot to translate the "do" shown by the ח in אהח good job non the less I struggle recognizing the letters.
Because it's Hebrew is Hebrew, not English. In English you can "You like water?", but in Hebrew it is "Do you like water?" Emphasis on the word Do.
Yes, but for the wrong reason. :) As I understand it from so far in this course, את and אוהבת are feminine, and אתה and אוהב are masculine.
For example, you say: אמא אוהבת and אבא אוהב So talking to אמא you say: את אוהבת And talking to אבא you say: אתה אוהב
It's not to do with the ה moving around, as such. I hope that clarifies a little.