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  5. "A nedves esernyő alatt iszom…

"A nedves esernyő alatt iszom."

Translation:I am drinking under the wet umbrella.

July 12, 2016

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bnyugat

So, because the definite and indefinite conjugations are the same, how do we know whether the meaning is 'I am drinking' or 'I am drinking it' ???


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RyagonIV

Context! If there's no direct object in the sentence giving you a hint on what you drink, you cannot know for sure if you're just drinking, or drinking something that's been mentioned already.

All -ik verbs have that issue in first-person conjugation, but luckily also most -ik verbs are intransitive. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bnyugat

Of course, but there is no context in these sentences...so both translations should be accepted. And reporting is a useless action at this point because nothing has been touched in months.

Are most really intransitive? All I can think of now (as I sit here at my desk at work, so not really in a Hungarian mindset), iszik, eszik, jatszik...all can take 'it' as their object...


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Arcaeca

So, as a rule of thumb, if the verb ends in -ik, the 1st person singular form will end in "-m" and the 2nd person informal singular will end in "-l"; if it ends in something other than "-ik", the 1st person singular form will end in "-ak/ek/ök" and and the 2nd person informal singular will end in "-sz"?

(That was maybe a little too wordy...)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gergo2

Yes, mostly. There are tables in the notes to skills "Verbs 1: Present Single" and "Verbs 2 Present Plural", though they don't cover -ik verbs. And it gets a bit more complicated because definite conjugation (skill "Definite conjugation" ;-)) adds other forms for the second person.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Not quite -- the "l" and the "m" are independent, I believe.

If the verb ends in -ik, the 1st person singular form will end in -m. (But at least for some Hungarians and some verbs, -k sounds not uneducated but natural.)

If the verb stem (disregarding any -ik) ends in -s -sz -z -dz, the 2nd person informal singular will end in -l.

Here, both rules match (iszik has both -ik and -sz).

See e.g. http://www.hungarianreference.com/Verbs/Verbs-Indefinite-Conjugation.aspx

And as gergo2 pointed out, endings change again in the definite conjugation....

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