"They are wearing shoes with socks."
Translation:הם נועלים נעליים עם גרביים.
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Actually, this brings up a question that never occurred to me before.
Since Hebrew has multiple words for wear, depending on what you're wearing, what would you use of you were wearing multiple things?
"He's wearing shoes and a shirt" for example. (And would it be different if it was "he's wearing a shirt and shoes"?)
That's a great question, and even as a native speaker I don't have a very clear answer. The "most obviously correct" way, what I'd use if I'd write it in a newspaper, is to use two verbs: אני לובש חולצה ונועל נעליים. Conversely, if I'm very informal, I'd can use שם or הולך עם which work for all clothing items (for "put on" / "wear" respectively): אני שם חולצה ונעליים, אני הולך עם חולצה כחולה ונעליים שחורות. I might say אני לובש חולצה ונעליים, but that sounds borderline incorrect, and אני נועל נעליים וחולצה sounds completely incorrect (the difference being that לובש is more general, so לובש נעליים sounds wrong but not outrageous, while נועל חולצה is definitely outrageous).
No, they are not optional. "נועלים נעליים עם גרביים" is a valid Hebrew sentence but it has a different meaning: it is a general statement about how people wear shoes. It means the same as "Shoes are worn with socks", except that it doesn't use the passive voice like I used in English.
In some cases it can be translated as an impersonal "they" (that doesn't refer to anyone specific), but that doesn't really work for the sentence above.
They speak English here = מדברים כאן אנגלית (General statement about people in the area)
They speak English = הם מדברים אנגלית (Statement about a specific group of people)