"Las ensaladas, los hongos, las zanahorias."

Translation:The salads, the mushrooms, the carrots.

July 17, 2016

69 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MichelleHo313506

I tried to learn the difference between hongos, champiñones, and setas. I think hongos was the worst of the three to use in this sentence. Champiñones are the traditional white ones with the caps that you eat, which I think would have been the most appropriate word here, since they are the most likely to end up in a salad with the carrots.

July 20, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MSweat

I was thrown off by the word hongos as well. I couldn't imagine myself eating hongos. But I most certainly enjoy los champiñones.

September 22, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mayabelize

hongos makes you think of something weird and you wont want to eat it!!!

June 2, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-Mica13

lol, i agree

August 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Brxken_s0ul

yo de acuerdo

February 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheArgo2

oh.

December 26, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MSweat

It is not a color. It is supposed to be a mushroom.

January 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/TheArgo2

whats hongos?the color?

February 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreaja69

'Hongos' are types of edible fungus, which have a number of different names in English, one of which is 'mushroom'.

November 18, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gardenia0531

i agree completly

May 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gardenia0531

completely*

May 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mwilksy

I asked a Spaniard about this hongos, champinones and setas. He explained that hongos basically means any fungus. Seta roughly means all mushrooms, whereas champinones specifically means the edible type, hence the reason he used champinones on his pizza menu!

August 26, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ezupo1

CHAMPIÑON is Agaricus bisporus, that is the SETA used in pizzas, the rest of them whether they are edible or not are called setas although some people use to call them hongos wrongly. Technically, an hongo is like the species and a seta is the fruit, more or less what you can see in a forest. I am from Spain and very fond of micology and I dare to say that your Spaniard friend does not understand about this matter. So if you want to buy champiñones, you will only get " Agaricus bisporus"or similar but never others kind of setas. at least in Spain. I do not know in the rest of Spanish speaking countries.

June 22, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/angela.engel

Same here, asked a native Spanish speaker. Setas she suggested.

January 22, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lan0d

Just for fun I translated hongos as fungus instead of mushrooms but the interesting thing was Duolingo gave Champignons??? as the correct English translation

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/squidhunter26

Isn't salad already plural in English?

September 8, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KarimHosein

I got three salads for you; Greek, Italian and toss salads. Which salad do you want?

Similarly, fish is the plural of fish but if I have a salmon, a herring and two tuna fish, I have three fishes.

January 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/braedengamer

English is my native tongue, and that has confused me for around 15 years (in other words: thank you!)

June 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jack02_

No its just I have 3 variations of fish, fishes is not used i have never heard anyone say that

August 31, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nikki_zen

What I hear most often is "I have three types of salad" and "I have three kinds of fish" and so on.

December 7, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gelfo

In English it can be both countable and uncountable

September 16, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DenaliMiss1

Let's think about this for a second. If you went to your local grocery store, and you went to the pre-packaged salad section because, frankly, ain't nobody got TIME to make their own salad, and you loaded your cart with all of them, cleared the shelves, then wouldn't you have bought all the SALADS? They are individually packaged and completely separate of each other. A gaggle of geese, a herd of horses, and cart of salads. If there was a huge bowl of salad that you bought from instead of mini personal ones and you cleared that out, then you would have bought all the salad, since there was no distinction between the different pieces and it was bought as a singular item.

May 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bj-gervais

no, ensalada (salad) is singular. Ensaladas is plural.

September 9, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcelBordel

I talked with some spanish friends and I've been in Spain several times. Hongos = all fungus. Setas = Hongos that you eat that can be Shitake, Edile.. bla bla

September 23, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mi.hye

"Zanahorias" sound like a really exotic flower. Why are English words so boring?

January 5, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sierra330553

Because we know so well about english. But we do not know so well about Spanish

April 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Faux3

Does anybody have a good way to remember the words for mushrooms and carrots, since the Spanish words look / sound nothing like the English?

September 18, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mary875792

I don't have a good answer, but I looked up the etymology of "zanahoria" and it is Arabic, primarily Andalusian Arabic. At one time the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal] had a large Muslim population. The word came from them into the Spanish language. Maybe that will help us remember this strange Spanish word! For "hongo" I picture a little mushroom bouncing down a path like a pogo stick, going hongo, hongo, hongo.

March 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SariaTheFulki

Hongo, hongo, hongo. Awwwe that is soooo cute!

June 15, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Regan977346

Pigśsssssss

April 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blas_de_Lezo00

"Champiñones" sounds similar to champions in English! "Hongo" is not used for what you can eat, but for an illness on the skin, mainly in one's feet.

January 15, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KarimHosein

sometimes when I translate these lists, it then tells me, “Another way: Salads, mushrooms, carrots,” (leaving out the, ‘the’). So this time I tried leaving out the, ‘the’s and it tells me I am wrong!

Why?!?

January 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DenaliMiss1

This is because of the articles in front of the nouns. "las" translated directly into "the" (femininely). It is the same with "los". sometimes Duolingo will leave out the articles (Manzanas, ninos, hongos) and sometimes it won't (los manzanas, los ninos, los hongos) So really you just need to watch out for the presence of articles.

May 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Doris311512

Same for me too!

April 10, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/luann438636

Kudos to Kitty! Thank you.

February 1, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AishaEbola

I put "and the carrots" and it said I was incorrect. I was just trying to make sure my grammar was correct /:

December 15, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Adbutterfield

In cases like these you wouldn't use "and" because you're supposed to read it like a list. This happens multiple times in Duolingo

January 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-CEREZA-

Any suggestions on trying to remember "zanahorias"?

April 2, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DenaliMiss1

THIS IS PROBABLY NOT GOING TO HELP YOU WHATSOEVER. But I'll try. The first part of the word, "zana", reminds me of the english word "zany", meaning crazy. When someone is crazy, they spray-tan themselves to look completely orange. Like carrots. I don't know, that's just always how I've remembered it.

May 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Regan977346

Yes make up a carrot soge

April 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/lisa242769

the grammar used for duo lingo is definitely not English correct. That is a list: salads, mushrooms, carrots. We don't use articles, I don't know why they expect us to add words that wouldn't translate that way. I went to translate and copied the phrase in and it left out the articles in the english version. I want to file a complaint. jk but seriously, sheesh I don't think I should lose points for it. :)

November 11, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DianeCarna

When do you use las and when do you use los? Is one plural or how do you choose the "a" or "o"?

July 24, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/marcy65brown

Both las and los mean the. They're both plural. Las goes with feminine plural nouns: las ensaladas, las zanahorias, las niñas. Los goes with masculine plural nouns: los hongos, los niños, los libros.

When you first start to learn a new noun, pay attention to whether it's masc. or fem. Usually the words for the, a/an that are used before it will help you to determine its gender. El/los/un/unos indicate a masc. noun, and la/las/una/unas indicate fem.

Nouns that end in -a are usually fem., and those that end on -o are usually masc. But not always. And lots of nouns don't end in -a or -o, so you have to memorize. And spanishdict.com is a good place to verify a new noun's gender.

July 27, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ItsMeKaylaMarie

why do las and los mean the same thing?

June 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/catherine70221

The salads... lol

November 9, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Antdown

I've never used salad in a plural way.

December 1, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vincent_Hamilton

los hongos can also mean the fungi. Mushrooms are fungi!

December 11, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lisa286937

I know I'll probably get flack for this but we have to remember that Spanish is a different language completely sounds obvious, right? Well, once you remember that English has neutal words, Spanish has masculine and feminine, you learn automatically, or should, not to think in English. Casa blanca. What do you think that is? We'd say house white, right? Well in Spanish you learn to reverse the order to white house. Does it matter that hongos is another word for mushroom? It shouldn't. Who cares whether you can eat it or not, who cares if there are several words that mean the same. You learn that there may be more than one word for a thing. Does it matter that los hongos may not be used a lot? No. But if you learn two or three words for mushroom, when you see it you'll know without over analyzing. In Spanish the word order is different. Stop comparing it to English. Learn how it's said in Spanish. I suppose those who learn English look at the word knife. Why on earth is the k silent? It just is and you just have to learn it and remember it and say it right. Why are h's silent in Spanish? Don't care it just is. It's Spanish NOT English. A couple lessons back people argued over las verduras y los vegetales. You learn both., so either is recognized no matter which is used more. Some of the pictures the question asks for the singular while the picture has several of an animal. I know both singular and pleural. I know both so I recognize both and can automatically think both without needing to translate and when it asks for either singular or pleural I can answe right regardless of how many things are in the picture without over analyzing. Duolingo is teaching me to think in Spanish not English. I don't translate word for word. I learn the order and when I forget it won't stop until I get it right or I get annoyed and sleep on it while the 'ol brain processes. New words and ways to put things get me and I just keep practicing in the Spanish construction not English and it's getting tough. The corrections I now understand grammar rules and why they're used. Oh! And one more thing! In a past post on another board there was a nasty message aimed at me because I was tired of all the smart mouth comments that you have to scroll through until I found answers to questions I was thinking about. I've got no problem with people having "fun". These boards aren't stand up comedy open mic. I take Spanish seriously and I love seeing others discuss grammar rules that always stump me. What I didn't like was being criticized because there were too many non related language answers. I was told if I didn't like the " fun" don' come the boards. Perdón, but I'm here to learn and see if others had the same questions about grammar. Not here for jokes and I'm as entitled as anyone to come to these boards to learn. And that's all I have to say about that.

March 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ItisMoody

I have asked a few native Spanish speakers from Spain and Latin America, and they all confirmed that hongos is NEVER used to say "mushrooms", it only means "fungus", they thought referring to "hongos" as an edible object is actually repulsive. This needs to be corrected.

March 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/serafyne9

❤❤❤❤ salad oops i mean squares.

February 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mel752556

Salad can be a plural word

August 14, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mel752556

yep, never heard of hongos

August 14, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/efm999

I translated "ensaladas" as "salad" and it said I was wrong and I should have said "salads" because it was plural but I am pretty sure "salads" is not a word and the plural is just "salad" right? can you even have a singular of "salad" in English? I think its just always plural.

August 23, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DamianJr2

=-O :-P ;-) :-( :-) :-! :-$ B-) :O :-* :-D :'( :- O:-) :-[

October 7, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ConnorGough03

LETS SEE HOW MANY LINGOTS I CAN GET!!!!!!!!!!

December 10, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WMelonhead

I FORGOT AN S >:(

January 8, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JovanRamos2

I typed the pasta

January 13, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jasderro

in male voice it sounds like zanahoriCas

January 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlphaWolf0405

ALL I DID WAS PUT SALAD INSTEAD OF SALADS!!!!!!!!!!!!

January 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Blas_de_Lezo00

"Setas" is the normal and general noun in Spanish to refer to all kinds of edible and non-edible mushrooms. The word "hongos" is a scientific word, most of the times it refers to microscopic mushrooms, they can also appear on your feet (athlete's foot).

January 30, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CelinaTack

I really wish I could post a screenshot because it corrected me with another Spanish word instead of the correct English word

February 4, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MoSalahFan

Who says this

March 12, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ahmad30981

I thought that champagnes was mushrooms now it turns out that bongos is mushrooms whats the difference please

March 31, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CarolynH.3

No fair!!! Again, the answer was given without my input!!!

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CalebLeppe

please leave me a lingot also it said elephant in the word bank weird right?

April 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Daniel.Etienne

The SaladS!?!?! Seriously, in what world is 'salads' plural to salad.

May 11, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xanxan.Rahn

i got this wrong because i got my "the's" mixed up....

September 11, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Emory908238

Noooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooop

September 27, 2018
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