"Are you a teacher?"
I just noticed funny thing in Hungarian based on this example. Both these answers are accepted: (1) Ön tanár? (2) Tanár vagy? The first one is dropping "van", but needs to specify the person. The second one is dropping the person, but needs to specify the conjugated verb :)
Yeah, it is funny. But there is a solid explanation.
(1) Ön tanár? - This is the formal you, which follows the third person conjugation. "Van" must be omitted in the third person, and only in the third person. But you better keep the "Ön", otherwise there can be confusion: are you talking about "Ön" or an actual third person, he or she?
(2) Tanár vagy? - This is actual singular second person conjugation, and the "vagy" completely specifies it. So, the "Te" can be omitted. It is optional here.
I appreciate the comment and it helps a lot. Just a note, for my understanding. On the first case "Ön tanár?" you specify that here we are dropping "van". Wouldn't be more accurate saying that here we are dropping "vagy" since this is 2nd person of singular? Thanks
-----Edit------- Actually, there is another formal version for the second person which are maga for singular and maguk for plural and on those we use van and vannak respectively (third person verb conjugation). Would "Ön" then comply with this same rule?
Thanks again in advance
Just read thoroughly vvny response to your comment, and it's clearly explained there... I should have read this answer first. But yeah, Formal 2nd persons get the 3 person verb conjugation. :)
I am not expert in Hungarian, but I think you can only drop the be-verb when it is 3rd person, and Te is not 3rd person. The formal You "Ön"is conjugated in the third person, so you can drop van for it.
So in short I don't think "Te tanár" works, but "Te tanár vagy" would, but "Te" would be redundant in that case.
you can be used either for te or for ön, there is no distinction in English for formal or no formal pronouns