"I stand to the mirror."
Translation:A tükörhöz állok.
I already reported this one ... but does anyone know what the correct translation to English should be? The given English sentence is effectively meaningless, so I'm not sure what the Hungarian is supposed to mean.
Would "I stand in front of the mirror." be an accurate translation?
In a sense, yes. But better yet: "I am going to stand by/at the mirror". Or "I will go and stand by the mirror". It is expressed with a simple present tense, but the "-höz" is a directional suffix, implying a movement that ends there, at the mirror. So you don't need anything else to imply the movement. No need to say "I am going". That one suffix takes care of that part. And add a stationary verb ("stand"), and you get the whole event: the movement to the target and the end result.
Well, I certainly don't relish the course developers' job trying to translate this sentence ... but the current translation has got to go.
Maybe "I go stand by the mirror." or "I go stand in front of the mirror." ... something like this is valid, sensible English, and is perhaps at least close to matching the intent of the Hungarian sentence.
Yes, any good replacement you could think of should be welcomed. And Hungarian has more than enough of these very specific and useful prefixes and suffixes that are difficult to translate accurately. So, brace yourselves, and please keep reporting and offering those alternatives. And keep asking questions, somebody will always be happy to explain the exact meaning.
In this case, "-hoz/-hez/-höz", does not say anything about the position around the target, whether in front, behind, beside, etc. Simply just close vicinity.
The key problem here is that the English verb to stand on its own does not generally imply movement, so there's a sizable semantic gap here: in English, one cannot stand to a physical thing or location.
Does the Hungarian verb allni imply movement? The English to stand up does imply movement, but generally only in the sense of to change position from not standing, to standing. It seems that the Hungarian verb (or perhaps just the -höz ending?) indicates more motion than just becoming upright.
In Hungarian, similarly to English, "állni" on its own does not imply any movement.
But where English has the single "stand up", Hungarian has probably dozens of additives (preverbs and pospositions) that, together with "állni", describe various actions that result in a standing position (or not). And, as in the example above, those additions don't even have to be related to the verb.
To the mirror / I stand. - "A tükörhöz állok." A movement, a destination and a standing position at the end.
"To sit" - "ülni", has at least two options in English: to sit down and to sit up. But why stop there? There are so many actions in the world that could end in a sitting position. Sit here, sit there, sit apart, sit in, sit out, sit away, sit over, sit onto, etc. Why not? These, and then some, are all valid options in Hungarian. Hungarian does not have to say "come over here and sit down". Hungarian simply says "sit to here" - "ülj ide".
Once you make peace with this concept, life will be much easier.
Here are some examples of what you can do with "állni". Some of them are expressed completely differently in English:
Megállni - to stop
Beállni - to join
Leállni - to stop, to take a break
Felállni - to stand up
Elállni - to last a long time, to go park somewhere else, to change one's mind about a decision
Átállni - to change affiliation
Ráállni - to stand onto, to agree to do something
Ideállni - to come and stand here
Összeállni - to join forces, to become one
These sentence discussion comments are not regularly read by the course developers (the only ones who can actually change anything). I'm sure they have more than enough to do just handling the reports submitted properly -- they are just volunteers doing this in their free time after all. Reading thousands of individual sentence discussions takes up a lot more time than looking in the development area where reports for a given skill are collected together.
Also, you can hardly expect any action to be taken one hour after posting something.
Again; they're volunteers. It gets done when it gets done. Frustrating while we wait, but there's not a lot we can do except keep reporting additional problems in order to improve the course.
(I can imagine that part of the slow speed may also be frustration caused by the sheer number of reports they have to act on.)
Also, reports containing suggestions to better wording are a lot easier to work with than "this wording suxxx fix it doulingo".
The already suggested "I step to", which is also used in other sentences in this lesson, seems to be the best translation (even if it does have a closer equivalent in "lépek"). But I was wondering if the transitive form of stand could work here, as in "I stand myself to the mirror". Can this form suggest any more movement other than vertical?