What is the difference between "éste" (lleva acento) and "este" (no lleva acento)?
With an accent = pronoun, no accent = adjective "This is my son" versus "This hat is mine."
FYI, it is no longer considered necessary to use the accent marks to differentiate between the two.
I just finished another lesson using these and those as pronouns, and Duo didn't use accents at all. Strange they'd do it in this one lesson. Maybe they are trying to expose us to both usages or something.
This is a really a special circumstance when the word "este" isn't used as a determiner (a word modifying a noun) but rather functions as a noun.
That's what I meant when I said in the other lesson they were used as pronouns, exactly as in this lesson, but with no accents.
But recommended by many Spanish teachers when you are first learning Spanish because you will encounter it.
No need to get this far down into the weeds of a language if your primary goal is to understand and to be understood. If you're a translator for a novel, this may interest you.
Why is it éste that's masculine for the pronoun of the word 'this' and not ésto?
And esté, the present subjunctive of estar in the yo and él/ella/usted forms.
Esto is used when the gender is unknown to the speaker or when there is no gender. "Ya te dije esto." I already told you this. Or "¿Qué es esto?" What is this? But if you know he's your son then you must use este. Don't get hung up on the accent marks on this one as it's no longer considered necessary in this situation.
J.F: It could be possible -- if you were in a group of children and you pointed to your son and said, "this one" (éste) Yes, I think it could be correct. Did you report it to Duo?
I wrote that as the hint said "this one" was a suitable answer. I will report it!
You should report it I mean why would it tell you it is a suitable answer if it wasnt !!!!!!
Because there is no direct object in this sentence (no indirect object either, which would also get an a). With be verbs, a subject & subject complement relationship is set up where the subject complement serves to describe a characteristic of the subject.
Why is it "Este (w/ accent)" instead of "Esta (w/accent)"? Is it a masc/fem thing?
The meaning depends on which letter has the accent. You're right that este/éste is for the masculine gender, though est
á isn't about gender. Ésta/esta is.
Éste = This (Demonstrative
Pronoun masculine, and can stand alone to replace a noun) "
This is my son."
Este = This (Demonstrative
Adjective masculine, and used before a noun) "*
This boy is my son."
The above also applies to the feminine version (
Ésta and Esta)
á is a different matter. It is from the verb Estar in its original form, and it corresponds to the English "be-Verb" is and the singular are ("You [singular] are...").
Es mi hijo translates to "it is my son." If you were to introduce him to someone you'd say "Éste es mi hijo," this is my son. In this case "éste" is a pronoun that substitutes for Juan, or whatever your son's name is. Different from "este choche es mio," this car is mine. To know when to use the accent and when not to is simple, if "this" is followed by a noun, no accent.
«Es mi hijo.» = "It is my son." You are missing the word "this" in your translation, which would be «éste».
I had translated :" this one is my son", is it really not possible ?? depends on the context as usual ..
Sí. Éste is the demonstrative pronoun, IOW, it is used in place of a noun. So instead of saying "Emilio es mi hijo," you can say "Éste es mi hijo." See Tessbee's explanation above.
You are right that "éste" is the demonstrative pronoun, but that is from an English grammar viewpoint. In Spanish grammar, this is more likely to be termed a determiner.
I, myself, apply English grammar precepts all the time when I am analyzing Spanish grammar. However, IMO it's a bad idea to get in the habit of thinking that's how Spanish grammar works because Spanish grammar doesn't always correspond to English grammar. ;^)
You have to start from an area of shared grammatical concepts and since we're learning Spanish, I must assume an English background. If "este" is a determiner what is the difference between it and "éste?" It's the function. In one sentence it merely describes which noun (function of a determiner) is the subject and in the other instance it is functioning as the subject, ergo a pronoun.
One of the things about Spanish and English is that the same word can function as more than one part of speech. I agree with you completely that "éste" the pronoun differs from "este" the "demonstrative" determiner. In English, unlike Spanish, the same spelling is also used in both parts of speech.
The point that I was trying to make–and failed miserably at doing–is that one must embrace and learn the second language's rationale for its grammatical conventions, such as the accent on the pronoun (something that I really like).
Im afraid I didn't completely understand TessBee the first time I read his comment, so thank you for confirming what I finally absorbed today in another posting, which is that the accent on the first "e" of "éste" is used to mark the word as a pronoun. ;^)
How are we meant to know if you're looking for "this" or "that" in this sentence. "This is my son" and "that is my son" are both valid English sentences.
This and that have specific meanings. "This" means the object is close to me, the speaker. "That" means the object is far from the speaker.
Sí! Este is used with masculine words. But in this case it isn't modifying anything. In this case it's acting as a subject (which makes it a pronoun) so that's why they use the accent mark over the first e.
Isn't this wrong?? I thought "this" shoud be "este" without an accent above E.
It's a grammar thing. The accent only serves to demonstrate the difference between two grammatical concepts. When you say "this man is my son", then the word "este" has no accent because it's just a determiner, and "man" is the subject. When you say "this is my son", then you use the accent because now "éste" is the subject of the sentence.