"W październiku oni nie gotują."

Translation:They do not cook in October.

July 23, 2016

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I'm still confused on what case you use after w as I've seen locative, genitive, and accusative.


I'm pretty sure there is no situation when "w" takes Genitive. As for the others:

When "w" means simply "in", "inside", it take Locative. Which is pretty logical just looking at the name.

Accusative is used when "w":

  • denotes some movement, direction
  • denotes the time that something will take
  • denotes some pattern or shape that something has

As the first of them is most important, compare: "Mam złamaną kość w nodze" (I have a broken bone in my leg) "Uderzyłem się w nogę" (I hit myself in the leg).

Also, days of the week + the word "weekend" are exceptions and take Accusative.


I wrote 'we' - I still don't understand why sometimes it is 'w' and other times it requires 'we'- please explain the difference

  • 2469

Preposition "we" is used instead of "w" in the following cases:

  • When the next word begins with "w" or "f" followed by another consonant, thus forming a cluster of consonants that is very hard to pronounce : "we Francji", "we Wronkach", "we Fromborku", "we wnętrzach","we wrzosach", "we wrześniu", "we wtorek", "we wszystkim", "we wzorze", etc.
  • Before pronoun "mnie": "we mnie"; before "mnie" and its other forms, all the propositions ending with consonant are used with added -e: "ze mnie", przede mnie", "nade mną".
  • Habitually before some nouns: "we śnie" (but "w snach" - plural), "we Lwowie" (but "w Lwówku/we Lwówku" - a similar city name)

The above is the most important. Besides:

  • Is optional before some other nouns, where cluster of consonants are a bit harder to pronounce: "we środę/w środę", "we czwartek/w czwartek", "we mgle/w mgle", "we mszy/w mszy", "we troje/w troje", "we trzech/w trzech", "we czwórkę/w czwórkę","we fioletach/w fioletach", "we młynie/w młynie"
  • Before some other nouns only in set phrases, but not in other expressions: "dać się (komuś) we znaki" but "patrzeć w znaki".

Read also:


Why is t the form "in october they do not cook" accepted. Its perfectly valid english

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