"השטיח נמצא על הרצפה."
Translation:The carpet is on the floor.
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In this context, or lack thereof, I would understand the speaker simply to be identifying the location of the carpet, which reflects a static situation or stative idea. English has at least some (intransitive) uses of "[is] found" that closely approach this idea: "[such-and-such] is found [in such-and-such a place]". We could also use "[is] located" to express that an entity—at present time (or situation)—has a static, spatial position (i.e., situated [prototypically] somewhere in physical space in relation to other entities or things, such as, "on the floor"). Generally, as AlmogL suggested, English speakers would often just say that "[an entity] is [somewhere]" or that "[such-and-such] is [in such-and-such a place]".
The most important thing is to understand Hebrew-as-Hebrew: the actual meanings/ideas/conceptions that the language is used to convey in real communicative contexts and situations. Only then can we reasonably attempt to convey those same ideas in English. Grammar-translation methods can sometimes get us too focused on English translations rather than, or at least before, understanding the actual meanings conveyed by the language we're attempting to learn (similar to how children and native speakers learn their first languages, not having another language as a crutch to fall back on).
I noticed that the third definition in Wiktionary's entry for נמצא has "to be present, to be located, to be situated", which is what AlmogL was getting at.
Verb נִמְצָא • (nimtsá) (nif'al construction, active counterpart מָצָא)
to be found
to be discovered (clarification of this definition is being sought)
to be present, to be located, to be situated אתה נמצא כאן. ― You are here.
to turn out (become known or apparent)
I think it's correct, but in a different way than people here (including maybe you?) think. Not as another way to say what is the location of the carpet, but as the passive form of " finds the carpet on the floor" (after someone looked for the carpet). It seems like likely, though, than just talking about where the carpet is. Now נמצא can be either present or past tense, so maybe slightly more likely is to describe the result of a past search operation: "the carpet was found on the floor".