I was actually puzzled by the pronunciation of " עליו", in particular about the sound of "י", which I am used to associate to the sound 'ɪ' (like in 'hit') or 'i:' (like in 'see'). I am not much familiar with phonetic transcription, but I seem to hear something like /ɑ:lɑ:v/, while I would have expected either /ɑ:li:v/ or /ɑ:lɑ:i:v/. I guess it is the same (or similar) to "עכשיו", where I cannot hear the YOD. Is it correct to say that YOD is basically silent in " עליו" (or in "עכשיו")? Even with if I had נקודת to help me in the reading i would not know if I had to pronounce it at this point. Any rule? Or just learn the words and their pronunciation?
And this was a change made in the modern hebrew? Why not to put a ה or an א for an "av" sound?
Already taken! That would be עלהו (alehu - his/its leaf) or עלאו (doesn't exist but it would be alao or al'u or aleu or aleo, just not alav).
If עלאו could be alao or al'u or aleu or aleo, then עליו could be alaiu or alaio, al'iu, al'io, aliv, alaiv and the list continues.
Why is better עליו than a more natural עלאו? Is not more usual the silent alef?
Good point, but these are all (apart from aliv) foreign sounds to Hebrew.
So given that או is usually 'u, and הו is usually ho or hu, יו is the only mater lectionis left for the common sounds native to Hebrew.
Mmm, like snitches? Use it in a sentence so I can understand it better.
The teacher calls on her? Or maybe as in olden times when people used to pay someone a visit?
Call on/visit: לבקר
The other one, I think it's the same as "pick on" (maybe this is just a British usage, the most common meaning of "pick on" is obviously to do with being mean to someone). Anyway, essentially this is the same as "pick" or "choose", so I'd say:
The teacher called on her = המורה בחר/ה בה
I'm not sure I'm convinced. But I have no saying here as I'm not a native speaker.
Fair point. If it isn't used that way in Hebrew ("she raised her hand and the teacher called on her"), it's not used that way. Which makes me wonder how you would say it in Hebrew, naturally. :-)
I wouldn't say קרא לה in such a case, as the teacher doesn't really call anyone, just grants permission of speech.
Could this be interpreted as "about himself," or is it only possible to interpret as some other "him"?
I'm native speaker and as far as I know, grammatically, it can be interpreted both ways! but the about himself meaning is less common.
How would you say, "He reads to himself" or "He reads about himself" in Hebrew?