The pronounciation is different. At the end of "italienne" you should clearly hear ENN.
It is unfortunate that they never let you hear the two versions in one audio clip. Much harder to hear the difference without them ever being side-by-side.
The gender of the voice speaking the words is not relevant.
What counts is the construction of the phrase, the pronunciation or the context.
In this case, it's the pronunciation.
Let's face it. The Duo voice is a machine without gender.
Actually, I really like the post from Ankhwearer that it would be good to hear the robot enunciate it's take on different forms of the same word at the same time.
I feel as though the male voice of the TTS over-pronounces the ends of words sometimes. When he is the one speaking, it often sounds (to my admittedly untrained ear) feminine when it should be masculine.
He does say "Italienne" as well as "Italien", so please go by the sound of the word and not the sound of the voice. You will not hear the 'n' in the nasal sound of "Italien".
"Italienne", but spoken by a male voice! I wasn't sure whether to 'correct' it.
No, the male and female voices pronounce both sentences, as TTS is actually sexless. You are right. A masculine voice saying the feminine version can be confusing. Please go by the sound of the word and not the sound of the voice.
The masculine form, italien, is pronounced [italjɛ̃] where the tilde (~) is supposed to be above the ɛ. It denotes a nasal sound different from the one in the feminine forme, italienne, which is pronounced [italjɛn]. Please note that the n is pronounced in the feminine form but not in the masculine form.
I thought rule was that "en" is pronounced [ã] and "in" is pronounced [ɛ̃]. Is this word an exception, or do I misunderstand the general rules of nasal vowels?
It is explained by AabLevellen, two comments above yours.
The feminine form uses -enne, with the double consonant. Vowels before a double consonant are not nasalized.
Should the 's' on the end of 'suis' be pronounced because it is next to the vowel 'i' in 'italienne'? Similar to the 'ê' in 'Vous êtes'?
Isn't "vous êtes" an obligatory/required liaison, and "suis italienne" an optional liaison?
Yes, "vous-Z-êtes" is required and "suis-Z-italienne" is optional but highly recommended.
absolument ! this is one of the things I am not in agreement with.. Problem is that many french-speakers DO NOT make the liaison. But it is basically wrong. BZW I am a native french-speaker. Have a lingot.
So would the sentence read, "Je suis une femme italienne." for I am an Italian Woman?
@kevingiles3PLUS An Italian used as a noun has upper-case I in French, so that would be "Je suis une Italienne".
Yet I was penalized elsewhere for translating "je suis francaise" as "I am French" and not as "I am a French woman". DL needs consistency.
I am not sure this is correct. We have paid attention to not mix nationality adjectives and nouns, because they are distinct and need to be learned with their own specificities.
- je suis française = I am French
- je suis une Française = I am a French woman/person/girl...
By the way, the sentence "Je suis française" is not in the course.
Duolingo's random? voices/genders are great, but this was said in a very masculine sounding voice. I am going to presume that he was explaining the pronunciation to someone else. :)
Why is there no liaison between the ending "s" in "suis" and the beginning "i" in "italienne"? I am confused about when there is a liaison or not in the pronunciation.
Please take a look at this: http://french.about.com/library/pronunciation/bl-liaisons-r.htm
and also to the related pages on optional and forbidden liaisons.
Yes, we do capitalize country names and inhabitants: "Je viens d'Italie, je suis une Italienne"
We don't capitalize nationality adjectives: "Je suis italienne"
How do you say "Indian"? We have learnt how to say "Italian", "French", "English", "Spanish", "African", "Chinese", "Japanese", "European" in this lesson, right? What about "Indian"?
I think she is an Italian trans women who hasn't started on hormone therapy yet but is practising her French.
I agree that this is confusing. The speaker was clearly male, so I doubted myself when hearing "italienne". Now that I read this thread I learn that I should disregard the gender of the speaker, but maybe we should be warned about this somewhere? Or even better, couldn't duolingo use a voice that suits the expression?
As far as I know, voices are randomly saying all and every sentence in the course. I have just clicked on the loudspeaker at the top of this page and got the female voice.
From all of my experience, yes, the voice is chosen randomly. And in basic translation exercises, it can in fact switch voices on a second listen (happens to me fairly regularly, actually). I have however also noticed that, for listening exercises, the voice doesn't appear to change. It's randomly selected to start, but sticks with that voice on all repetitions until you submit an answer.
Having heard a male proclaim himself to be Italian, I used italien ... I went with gender rather than grammar ... I suspect that the italian male has "issues"
The voice you hear is a Text to Speech robot, so please disregard the "male" or "female" sound of either. What you have to focus on is the sound of what is said.
I heard a man's voice. I admit that I heard "italienne", but I typed "italien" because a man was definitely speaking. Duolingo marked me wrong. I demand a gender test of the speaker.
"an Italian" is a noun and "italienne" is an adjective.
- I am an Italian = je suis un Italien/une Italienne
- I am Italian = je suis italien/italienne
I kind of doubt your sentence (rather than the adjective version) would be commonly spoken in either language, but it should be possible:
Je suis italienne=I [a woman] am Italian [adjective]. Je suis une Italienne=I am an Italian-woman [noun].
Just as in English, if you want to turn the adjective into a noun, you need an article. Also note that the French noun is capitalized, the adjective form is not.
French has nouns to denote a man or woman of a particular nationality. English only has a couple of those, and Italian is not one of them, which is why we can only say "an Italian." (I made up a noun version just for the example.) ie Englishman/Englishwoman. Frenchman is (or used to be) a common word in English, Frenchwoman not so much. No idea why. Another one I can think of, which is no longer PC, is "Chinaman." Again, there is no form of Chinawoman.
English also has Jew/Jewess (the latter no longer used) and ❤❤❤❤❤/Negress (definitely not used!).
Why does it have to be the feminine form of the word. Why can't it be masculine. "Je suis italien" should be accepted and I should get credit for it.
They do when it's a noun (une Italienne). Here it's an adjective, so it's not capitalized. French is a different language from English, and has it's own set of rules about capitalization, punctuation, etc.
Surely 'I am Italian ' and ''I am an Italian' is a distinction without a difference.
The first is an adjective, the second a noun.
The difference is clearer in this example: I am English /I am an Englishman.
Why is the translation "I am an Italian woman" rejected? The translation "I am Italian" misses any reference to gender which may be an important aspect of the expression.
It's rejected because it is incorrect. "italienne" is an adjective, not a noun.
"I am an Italian woman" would be "Je suis une Italienne." Note the capitalization.
I thought the first purpose of translation was to convey the meaning, not to transliterate the grammar. Perhaps I am wrong but the the given translation does not convey that the subject is female.
If Duolingo taught the art of translation, you would be right. But it is teaching grammar and vocabulary via sentences that you have to translate back and forth to demonstrate you have understood not only the meaning of the sentence but its syntactical and grammatical structure, so as to better memorize the target language's way of expressing an idea when you need to.
Translating an adjective into a noun, when the adjective is available in the other language is not good enough.
Sitesurf, I truly value your comments (they are usually the first I read) but I do not understand why you apparently claim that the "italian" in "italian woman" is a noun.
I understand where you are coming from because you would like to render the feminine gender of the French adjective.
Of course "I am an Italian woman" has "Italian" as an adjective, but "an Italian woman" is a noun phrase, with an article.
The French sentence has "italienne" as a single adjective, not "une femme italienne". So, "I am Italian" is the most faithful translation because of our conventions (adjective to adjective whenever possible).
I agree that we lose the gender but we don't know that "je" is a woman (girl?).
Please compare with other adjectives that are used throughout the course:
- Je suis heureuse/forte = I am happy/strong - not I am a happy/strong woman.
- I am happy = Je suis heureux OR Je suis heureuse.
The same is applied here, and the reverse exercise has:
- I am Italian = Je suis italien OR Je suis italienne
That is conveyed through context - knowing whether the speaker is male or female.
It's more like "I [a speaker who happens to be female] am Italian." The gender is implied from context, but can't be translated into English because that would entail a different French version, one which spelled out the gender.
If you don't trust me on this, you can read several comments on this thread from Sitesurf (one of the moderators, who is a native French person) confirming it.
If you have read Sitesurf's comments and still think you know better, there's nothing more I can add.
That doesn't mean anything on Duo, they read the sentences at random. Anyway, could be a trans woman...
Just got asked this, twice in a row, both times by the female voice, both times without the unmistakable nasal ending of - en (that is,-enne was more than obvious). My first answer was "je suis italienne" and was rejected in favor of "je suis italien". Then on the second try I typed 'je suis italien" and it was rejected in favor of - enne. Fix this, folks!
Never go by the sound of the voice. The male and female voices are synthesized and both say all the sentences. So you can only rely on pronunciation.
You are inconsistent in your correction- sometimes you say Italian sometimes Italians, which is it?
Who are you talking to? We have no way of knowing.
This sentence is in the singular.
Fair enough that there's a subtle difference at the end of the word... but the obviously male voice is enough to point me toward -ien.
Unfortunately, the male and female voices are synthesized and both say all the sentences. So you cannot judge which ending should be used by the sound of the voice, you must rely on the pronunciation of the word.
True for "I am an Italian," where one is using the noun. But for "I am Italian," it is the adjective that is being used - and we don't put articles before adjectives.
I am German, I am Swedish, I am Chinese, etc.