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  5. "Mẹ của tôi rất cả tin nhưng …

"Mẹ của tôi rất cả tin nhưng bố của tôi thì không."

Translation:My mother is very gullible but my father is not.

July 31, 2016



What’s that thì there?


In this case it means something like "on the other hand".


It acts like "to be" verb. I mentioned somewhere that Vietnamese does not really use "to be" (thì/là/bị/ở) but in some cases, this kind of verb is necessary to distinguish subject and object.


What’s the difference between the four?


This should take a while to explain, but in short:

thì: usually used in second clause of a sentence, showing the opposition (e.g. you are happy and I am sad - bạn vui và tôi thì buồn). It can be combined with nhưng or tuy nhiên.

là: used when saying something is being something (job, object, species...) (e.g. tôi là một bác sĩ, đó là một con mèo)

bị: used with passive voice in a negative sense (anh ấy bị giết - he was killed), in contrast, "được" is also used with passive voice but with positive sense (tôi được tặng tiền - I am rewarded with money).

ở: to be at a location.


Wait, there’s no copula in the first clause in the first sentence...


Which sentence are you referring to?


‘Bạn vui’


yes, as krikori said, the copula is unspoken. however, note that only links the subject to a noun or a noun phrase, rarely to an adjective.


It's the unspoken là between the subject and adjective.
Bạn (là) vui


Not really. Really has to do with the truness or the actual reality of the situation very has to do with the extent. In English they are close and interchangeable but in viet thật and rất are very different


'My mom is very gullible, however, my dad isn't.' Unacceptable.

Why? Even the other sentences let me substitute 'however' in place of 'but'. This makes just as much sense, and there's no appreciable difference between the two sentences.


mẹ is here = mother and bố=dad... aha

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