wino= wine, (masculine not animated, genitive wina)
wina= fault (feminine, genitive winy, instrumental winą)
bottle of = butelka + noun in genitive
it is the way we describe amount of something. butelka wody (bottle of water), szklanka herbaty(a glass of tea), litr mleka (a litre of milk), kromka chleba ( a slice of bread). kilo(gram) truskawek (a kilogram of strawberries.
It's not grammatically incorrect, but it's an unnatural-sounding construction in English. You would more likely hear instead, "Open me the bottle of wine," or "Open the bottle of wine for me."
It's not grammatically correct. Indirect objects are never used before the verb with a preposition. If we use a preposition, it must go after the verb.
We can't say, for example, "Give to me that book". only "Give me that book", or, "Give that book to me"
Could someone explain why it's not otwieraj? I thought 'otworzyć' was perfective? Don't we use imperfective to form the imperative?
That's a good question. If it's any similar to Russian, then the imperfective is more immediate or urgent, but either the imperfective or perfective can be used. For example, otkroj butylku means "open the bottle" in general; otkrywaj butylku means the same thing but it's a stronger command than the former, meaning "open it now"
"Dude, hurry up, let's start drinking already" :-D Hahaha! Exactly! Otwieraj! Otkrywaj!
But you want one bottle succesfully opened, so it's perfective. That should usually be a quick action, so imperfective 'otwieraj' would feel quite strange.
"Otwieraj!" may be used when you tell someone to open the door, but that sounds rather rude, unless you have a very good reason to 'command' someone in such a way. For example if you're being chased by a dog. Okay, I guess it may also work with a bottle, but again, that seems as if you're in a hurry. Also, it would feel strange to me with this "mi" part. If I hear "Otwieraj butelkę!" it sounds like "Dude, hurry up, let's start drinking finally".
Honestly, "open me a bottle" sounds kind of weird too. But "open me the door" sounds even worse.
I'm not sure why "open me the bottle" sounds marginally okay, but I think it's related to the fact that you're opening the bottle so that you can pour me some wine and bring it to me so I can enjoy it. "Open me the door" sounds bad, and that seems to be related to the fact that you're not going to pour out the door, bring me the door, or have me enjoy the door.