https://www.duolingo.com/LeviPolasak

Om/Op/Zo...

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Om/Op/Zo/Er/In/Aan Can someone help me a bit please.

I know op means on, but then why do you say Ik ben op school, instead of Ik ben in school.

I know Zo means so, but sometimes it means other things and I can't seem to find an answer

I know er means "there is happening" or there, but it still doesn't make sense to me, like Je komt er wel, what does er mean in this sentence?

I know aan means in too, like ik ben aan het werk, but why can't you say in again?

Can someone please help me clarify all these words and when to use In, Aan or Op and the other things too? Thanks

2 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/runhaags
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Well, it would help to start by remembering that words don't have a 1-to-1 correspondence between languages. Especially prepositions. I have found that prepositions are usually the hardest parts of languages for me to learn because they are used so differently in different languages.

"Aan" can be used in some situations where English "in" is used, but I think it is more commonly used like English "to" (but it is definitely not only "to," and "to" is certainly not always "aan"). It is also used in the present continuous (Ik ben aan het werken) where it isn't translated into English at all. It is also used in some compound verbs (aanraken, etc.) where, again, it doesn't have an English equivalent.

The most important thing to remember is that propositions almost never have a single translation in another language. If you go around thinking "op" means "on" and use it every time you would use "on" in English and no other times, you'd mess up all over the place. So the best thing to do is just practice and get a feel for how the prepositions are used rather than think of them in terms of English, which won't work. Like I said, I consider prepositions to be one of the hardest aspects of language to learn because of this.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MouPeMantissa

Absolutely. Very well written, take 5 lingots.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/grey236
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IMO Dutch has some of the most annoying, hard, grammar rules; ESPECIALLY with prepositions.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Aki_Nguyen
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I think it really depends. Once we get used to with them and use them as a routine, we'll find less difficult. I think prepositions in every language are confusing at the same level (t.t)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/pentaan
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Goede uitleg runhaags! Als aanvulling hierop: Op Duolingo NL-GB staat zeer goede uitleg van de grammatica. Maar misschien is dit ook handig voor engelstaligen? Gehele uitleg: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/2171737 . Voorzetsels: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/2062968

2 years ago
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