"Nachdem er isst."

February 2, 2013


When would one use nachdem as opposed to nach?

February 2, 2013

'Nach' usually refers to a noun/object in the dative case or time: Nach dem Essen, nach zwölf Stunden, nach meiner Mutter.

'Nachdem' makes use of verbs instead to set a time-mark: nachdem er gegessen hatte, nachdem ich bereits sagte, nachdem wir gegangen waren.

Nachdem also influences the tense, forms and starts a subordinate clause, which 'nach' doesn't. 'Nach dem Mittagessen gingen wir spazieren' - After lunch we took a stroll. 'Nachdem wir gegessen hatten, gingen wir spazieren' - After we had eaten, we took a stroll. So I think duo's example here isn't very good, without context. It might be valid to say: 'Nachdem er nun isst, könnten wir ja ein wenig spazieren gehen', since one would need a (pseudo-)future tense to express something after or with 'nachdem' + present. Most importantly, it's lacking a main clause.

February 2, 2013
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