"These stores too are closed, and empty."

Translation:Ezek az üzletek is zárva vannak és üresek.

August 3, 2016

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Why do you need the vannak here? Isn't zarvá used as a predicate?


Zárva, nyitva, and many other -va / -ve forms in Hungarian basically function and behave as adverbs. They don't take further endings (like plural or accusative), and they can't function as a predicate by themselves. They have to modify a verb.

(You can derive such a -va / -ve from practically any verb, although the result may not be something that's as commonly used as zárva and nyitva are.)


Because it is in the plural. It used to be that you would be able to say "zárvák", but that is not valid anymore. Remember how an adjective gets the plural if it is behind a noun? This is kind of the same idea, except you can't put this particular word in the plural. Hopefully somebody can explain the theory behind it.
Basically, "zárva" is derived from the verb "zár". Its role is mostly the same as the third form of a verb in English: "close" - "closed". "It is done", "it is closed", "it is read", etc., they are all created similarly. They cannot be put in the plural. Instead, you add the plural "vannak".


Ah okay, I think I understand. Thanks for the reply :)


But nobody thought to tell us that before putting it in a lesson.


That's why I keep a notebook. I have gone top down left to right, keeping notes along the way. 21 pages and I will finally be in section 4 today 07-Szep-2020.


Is there a list of adjectives that follow this rule?


Trying to wrap my brain around Zárva not being an adjective. What verb does it modify, vannak, here? So it translates as Closed but really is kinda "closed-ly" ? So requires the verb as it has to have a verb to modify? Thanks. And is that for all words that translate to adjectives but end in Va like Nyitva?

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