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  5. "Ihr habt einen Apfel."

"Ihr habt einen Apfel."

Translation:You have an apple.

February 2, 2013



Why do "ihr" and "er" always sound so similar?


The sound is not similar:

"ihr" sounds like "ear"


"er" sounds like "air"


I, too, misheard 'ihr' as 'er'!


Ihr = you all , so how can You all have 'one' apple


ihr does not necessarily mean "you all" (= "ihr alle"). It refers to a group of poeple.


I get what you are saying, but I will say thag Duolingo offers "you all" as a translation for "ihr", so it is kind kf confusing.

  • 2340

Speaking about one apple to a group of people:
Imagine a teacher standing in front of a class of Grade 1 students to whom she has given an apple each. Then the teacher says, "You have an apple. After you draw a picture of the apple, you can eat the apple."


4 people can have one apple


Ihr is actually you


"Ihr" is "actually" "you" when it is a subject (nominative case).
However, it is "actually" "she" when it is an indirect object (dative case).



It's called sharing


I just love how it accepts "y'all" as an english translation of "ihr."


Does this sentence mean 'You all have (1) apple' or 'You all each have an apple' or both? How would you distinguish between saying each person has an apple as opposed to the group as a whole has 1 apple?


The same as english. You can't. You need context.


Why "einen" and why not ein or eine ??


Der Apfel is masculine, so it takes einen the accusative.


What's the difference between du, ihr, dich, dir and sie? All I know it can be translated to 'you'

  • Level of formality
  • Number of people "you" refers to
  • Grammatical case

See this table here:


Thats a lot to take in but it is understamdable to a degree.


du implies "you" and ihr implies "you all" sie can be "she/her" or plural for "they" depending on the context and verb conjugation


Why is it ihr habt"you have" and du hast"you have? Whats the difference


Singular vs. plural-- i.e., "du" is if you're addressing one person, and "ihr" is if it's multiple people.

These are both informal versions, however, for when you're talking to people you know well. If you don't know the person/people you're talking to, you use "Sie" for both singular and plural.


why not You are having an apple?


"You have" and "You are having" are semantically different in English. It's a hairs difference, and I would have trouble articulating the difference, but there is one.


You have (thing) = you are in possession of (thing)

You are having (thing) = you are eating (thing)


it's a difference in aspect. "You have" is simple (Aorist) aspect, "You are having" is continuous (Imperfect, or Present) aspect.


i thought du meant you, not ihr


They both mean you (informal) Du is singular, Ihr is plural


Can't "ihr" also mean "she"?


It can also be the dative form of "sie," yes (usually translates to "her," not "she"). "Ihr" can be nominative "you" (plural, informal) or dative "her," so you have to figure out which case it's in based on the structure of the sentence.

"Ihr" must be nominative here, so it's "you," not "her." (We know it's nominative because the sentence must have a subject and nothing else in the sentence could possibly be nominative, or because "haben" doesn't allow for a dative object, or because the verb form "habt" means that the subject of the sentence must be "ihr" (or something equivalent like "du und er")).

[deactivated user]

    I understood the acc.case but what confuses me is what is "a" and what is "an" in German (ein,eine,einen) and can same word in German mean a or an at the same time please answer me.


    The words "a" and "an" have exactly the same meaning, the only difference being that "a" is used when the next sound is a consonant sound and "an" when it's a vowel sound.

    German doesn't make this distinction; it doesn't change the article for what sound the next word starts with. However, which article you use does depend on the case and gender of the noun it's attached to, hence our differing "ein/eine/einen/...."

    So yes, "ein" for instance is going to translate to "a" sometimes and "an" sometimes, depending on the pronunciation of the next English word. "Ein Apfel" = "An apple" but "Ein roter Apfel" = "A red apple."


    Is ein used only for singular and einen for plural context?


    Both ein and einen are singular. Apple is the direct object here (it receives the action instead of doing the action) and it is singular and masculine, so its article becomes "einen" instead of "ein."

    The tips section of Duo should tell you more about the accusative case. This page has more information as well: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_sum.htm


    When to use "habe", " hat", "hast", " haben" etc?

    • ich habe - I have
    • du hast - you have (singular/informal)
    • er/sie/es hat - he/she/it has
    • wir haben - we have
    • ihr habt - you have (plural/informal)
    • sie/Sie haben - they have/you have (formal you, singular & plural)


    Did he sound like he wasn't pronouncing the "-el" at all to anyone else? I guessed Apfel bc "Apf" isn't a word, and I know the "-el" can be soft...

    Just wondering if anyone else had trouble hearing any "-el" at all. Thanks!


    i thought Ihr meant She


    See the table of pronouns above.

    Balamcat (below) is only partly correct.


    Ihr is you all or ye, now I am used to using the word ye but it is not expected for some bizarre reason


    I wrote you have an apple ? how's it you all ?... you have is correct right ?


    Ihr is you (plural). "You all" is very rarely used in British English.


    How do we when to use 'habt' and 'haben'? They both mean 'have' right?


    Just as in English, German verbs conjugate based on the subject of the sentence. English says "I have" but "He has"; German says: "Ich habe - Du hast - Er/Sie/Es hat - Wir haben - Ihr habt - Sie/sie haben."

    In short, "habt" is used with "ihr" and "haben" with "wir" and "Sie/sie." ("Haben" is also the infinitive form, used in situations like "Ich will das haben.")


    How come sometimes it is "ein Apfel" but others is "einen Apfel"?


    For the same reason that we sometimes say "we" in English and sometimes "us" -- grammatical case.

    Subjects are in the nominative case and objects are in the accusative case.

    In German, the accusative case for masculine nouns is different from the nominative case. (While feminine, neuter, and plural nouns have an accusative that looks like the nominative.)

    So you need ein Apfel when it's in the nominative case (e.g. as the subject of a verb) but einen Apfel when it's in the accusative case (e.g. as the object of a verb, as here with the verb haben "to have").


    Why is ihr with habt but du with hast?


    For the same reason we say "I have" but "He has." Different subjects use different conjugations for the verb.


    I don't know the difference between "have"


    I don't know what you mean by that. Are you asking about inflections of "haben"? Something in English?


    when do you use einen and when do you use eine? please


    Why use ihr instead of du?


    If "ihr" means "you all" then why isnt it "Ihr haben einen Apfel."?


    How to know when to use "einen" and when "den" ?


    How can you tell which sie is she/they?


    I think ihr it's mean them, you is du


    Both are "you." German has three different words for second person: "du" is singular informal, "ihr" is plural informal, and "Sie" is formal (both singular and plural).

    So you address one person you know well as "du," multiple people you know well as "ihr," and one or multiple people you don't know well as "Sie."


    In turtle speed, I could not hear the "b" in "habt." I could hear it in normal speed. Anyone else?


    I thought plural forms are followed by -en e.g. kommen heißen. Why it isn't 'Ihr haben'?


    No, there's no such rule. The "wir" and "sie" verb forms do both end in "-en," but the ending for "ihr" is "-t."


    Why do you use "Ihr" instead of "du"? what's the rule for it?


    "Du" is perfectly fine. "Du" is singular informal, "ihr" is plural informal, and "Sie" is formal (any number). The English sentence doesn't define which situation is the case here, so all three versions are accepted. "Ihr" happens to be the default answer for this sentence, but the others are accepted too.


    Ich habe Du hast Er, sie hat Wir haben Ihr habt Sie, sie haben ??? Why ihr habt is you have??? Normal is they have


    Normal is they have

    It's not, actually. "They have" would be "Sie haben." "Ihr" never means "they."

    "Ihr habt" does in fact mean "you have."


    Why "have " is written in so many ways in german like hast, haben,habe and on what basis Please explain


    For the same reason we have two different forms "have/has," or four different forms for "be/am/is/are." You use a different form based on the subject of the verb (i.e., whether it's "I have," "you have," etc.).

    English usually only has two different forms for present tense ("have/has"; "eat/eats"; "walk/walks"), but German conjugates a little more thoroughly than English does. For the most part you have a different verb form for each possible subject:

    • Ich habe
    • Du hast
    • Er/Sie/Es hat (this also applies to any third-person singular usage, like "Hans hat" or "Der Hund hat")
    • Wir haben (or, e.g., "Du und ich haben"; "Hans und ich haben")
    • Ihr habt
    • Sie haben (both "they" and "you-formal"; also any third-person plural, e.g. "Hans und Karl haben")


    is it a mistake when i use 'ein Apfel' instead of 'einen Apfel'??


    Yes, it's a mistake. We need the accusative form here, since "Apfel" is a direct object in the sentence, so "einen Apfel."

    Using "ein Apfel" would be equivalent to saying something like "You have I" instead of "You have me" in English.


    Now since 'ihr' is used for both you and you all,what would be the translation for 'you all have'?


    When is it appropriate to use 'Ihr' instead of 'Du' and vice versa.


    "Du" address one person; "ihr" addresses multiple people. In this exercise, there's no indication of whether you're talking to one or multiple people, so both "Du hast einen Apfel" and "Ihr habt einen Apfel" are accepted. (And also the formal version "Sie haben einen Apfel.")


    The translation to "ihr" is "they" not "you", right?


    Ihr can mean you or them or her. Here we know it is you, because the verb is habt.


    "Ihr" cannot mean "them," but it can mean "you" (in the nominative) or "her" (in the dative).


    You're right. It's ihnen I was thinking of.


    When to use hast, habt ,habe and haben?


    The conjugation you use depends on the subject of the sentence, just like in English we have "I have" but "He has" or "I am / You are / He is / etc."

    In German we have: "ich habe / du hast / er,sie,es hat / wir haben / ihr habt / sie,Sie haben."


    How do I know if i have to put ,,den" or ,,einen"? Is so frustrating


    How do I know if i have to put ,,den" or ,,einen"?

    den is "the".

    einen is "a" or "an".

    Pretty much like in English.


    So is "ihr" plural you?


    So is "ihr" plural you?


    (At least in the nominative case, when it's not before a noun.)


    Why isn't it 'Ihr habt den Apfel'??


    That would be "You have the apple."


    why not du hant einen apfel?


    why not du hant einen apfel?

    • Apfel is a noun and has to be capitalised
    • hant is not a German word

    If you were speaking to one person, you would say du hast einen Apfel.

    But Duo is speaking to several people and thus says ihr habt, not du hast.


    How do you know when to say "ihr habt" vs "du hast" to say "you have"?


    How do you know when to say "ihr habt" vs "du hast" to say "you have"?

    • Use du hast when you are talking to one person.
    • Use ihr habt when you are talking to several people.


    What is different between habt and hat?


    What is the difference between habt and hat


    Please see idshanks's reply to ruk21 on this page, where that question has been answered already.


    Why isnt it ihr 'hat' einen apfel but ihr 'habt' einen apfel.


    That simply is the correct conjugation for "ihr." The "ihr" conjugation will often match the conjugation for "er/sie/es" but in a number of irregular verbs will not. For instance "er weiß" but "ihr wisst"; "er kann" but "ihr könnt"; "er schläft" but "ihr schlaft."

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