All nouns are capitalized in German!
In English only proper nouns such as people's names are capitalized. In German, however, every noun is capitalized: Mann, Frau, Mädchen, Apfel, etc. The good news is that this helps you tell nouns apart from other types of words.
Thanks for the heads up Luis! This really helped me grasp the language better.
More on German capitalization rules: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa020919a.htm Apparently it has been up for debate in the past.
Maybe I'm stating something obvious here that has already been discussed at length, but in the descriptions/summaries for the German lessons (for English speakers) all the nouns are shown with small letters (e.g. business - "bestellungen, laden, kleinanzeigen, beitrag, beratung, artikel, kasse"), which is plainly wrong and would not occur under any circumstances.
to be fair, under one circumstance: "laden" as a verb is undercase, but that's obviously not the situation here.
In German (and Luxembourgish), all nouns are capitalized. This was also practiced in Danish before the spelling reform of 1948, and in English during the 18th century (as in Gulliver's Travels, and most of the original 1787 United States Constitution). (wikipedia, capitalization)
Thanks. That's extremely helpful and very enlightening. It certainly makes learning the language a lot less confusing.
Wow, thank you, now I understand that I won't have to memorize every word that has a capital letter :P I really thought I would have to!
Anything you can touch are capitalised in German, as well as things ending in ung for some reason.
-ung seems to be loosely equivalent to a gerund-making -ing (and such words are feminine). Some nouns are abstract--I think the grade school rule in English gets extended to person, place, thing, or idea. You can't touch die Chemie, for example, but it is nevertheless a noun.
English language also had capitalized Nouns in 17th and 18th century. But not before. It seems to have been a fad for some time.
That's why capitalization is impotant:
Der gefangene Floh. The trapped flea. Der Gefangene floh. The prisoner escapes.
Just one correction: "floh" is the past tense form of "fliehen": "The prisoner escaped."
It's hard to keep up with it on the practice sessions since you're timed. I'm glad they don't take off for it.
I like that the program told me that. The other one i used just had me memorizing sentances, It wasn't teaching to me like i was going to ectualy use it. It was hard because it didn't teach me grammar rules for german!
There are some awkward ones though. I seem to remember Adjectives used as nouns are usually capitalised eg das Rote= the red one but there are times when it's not
I only started learning german today, but I think that Rote, although it's used as an adjective in that phrase, is also a Noun, so it makes sense.
When I was in school, I used as a rule of thumb that anything that is accompanied by an article is capitalized. Did not work always, but often enough ;)
Yeah, that's great news for beginners. I'm really enjoying my first week with German!!!
In that spirit: it would be nice if the android app respected that fact, too.
Thanks! I was wondering why there was so much capitalization for words that seemingly didn't need to be capitalized... this makes so much more sense! :)
Thanks for the tip! I just started Duolingo, and sometimes the nouns are kinda annoying!
Danke! I'm learning Deutsch so I need all the luck, and concentration, I can get.
I noticed that when i started learning the language. I've never known why though...
No, verbs and articles are not capitalized (except in special cases, such as if the verb or article is the first word in the sentence).
It is nice to know that all nouns are capitalized in German! I would like to know the origin or reason for that...could be the people from German, usually are very tall!!!
Leo. Maguana, Santiago Rodriguez
Thanks for help! yes is very different from English or Spanish but is true that is very helpful for non-German-speakers ( or half :P ).
"The good news is that this helps you tell nouns apart from other types of words."
I hadn't thought about it that way. But you are right: it might actually be the one and only feature of German grammar that makes it easier and not harder.
I don't believe that capitalized all the nouns are a good thing. It may mess up a little bit when you need to find the somebody's name. If you don't know brazilian names, for instance, you can search on a portuguese text for the Capitalized words.
Where are you from? I thought you don't speak english becauase it says you're learning it.