"This is the woman."
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All of them mean "this". However, their position and function is different. זה and זאת are demonstrative pronouns and are followed by nouns:
This is a man - זה גבר
This is a woman - זאת אישה
On the other hand, הזה and הזאת are determiners and they follow the noun, which is always definite:
I love this man - אני אוהב את הגבר הזה
I help this woman - אני עוזר לאישה הזאת.