"That is a very big ship."
Translation:זאת ספינה גדולה מאוד!
I get the difference between ספינה and סירה but when do we use אנייה? Or is that an old word?
They're synonyms. Apparently (I've just checked it) אנייה is older and is found in the Bible, while ספינה comes from later scripts (Second Temple period).
Thank you! I'll take on board that they're synonyms, but both are in the Bible:
וַיִּירְאוּ הַמַּלָּחִים, וַיִּזְעֲקוּ אִישׁ אֶל-אֱלֹהָיו, וַיָּטִלוּ אֶת-הַכֵּלִים אֲשֶׁר בָּאֳנִיָּה אֶל-הַיָּם, לְהָקֵל מֵעֲלֵיהֶם; וְיוֹנָה, יָרַד אֶל-יַרְכְּתֵי הַסְּפִינָה, Book of Jonah 1:5.
You're right, I intended to say it's more frequent in the Bible. "ספינה" is used only once in the Bible, in Book of Jonah, and this is one of the signs the book was written in later times than other biblical books (but I'm no expert, and there are other explanations for the strange use of "ספינה" in Jonah).
In modern usage, אניה is for bigger ships. Officially by the ministry of transportation:
"sira" is up to 7 meters in length. Think kayak, canoe, small boat. Doesn't require a license in Israel.
"sfina" is from 8 to 24 meters in length. Think yacht or amateur fishing boat. Requires a skipper's license to operate
"oniya" is more than 24 meters. Requires a much harder to get license.
That's true, but it's not modern usage, it's modern legal/professional usage. Most people use them interchangeably.
I don't think so. Nobody would call a 12-meter yacht an "oniya", though some might call it a "sira". Some people might call an oil tanker a "sfina", but I'm pretty sure a lot more would call it "oniya"
There's definitely a distinction between סירה and the rest, but not between ספינה and אנייה in day-to-day use.
Find anybody anywhere who will call this אניה and I'll believe you
That's a סירה in my opinion, it's too small for either ספינה or אנייה.
Just look at google image results for ספינה and אנייה, the results aren't too different in terms of size. You can also check news sites/Wikipedia/internet - they use ספינה for big ships or just use them interchangeably: