What are the proper words in Hebrew for growing (up, physically, for a person), growing (maturing or perfecting ones trade, e.g. growing as a painter), growing (physically, for trees, flowers, etc.), and growing (producing/cultivating something, e.g. growing chicken, or growing bananas)? In Spanish for example, and in some other languages (alas, English is not one of them) many of these are represented by different verbs. Thanks!
The boy grew up and is not a teenager - הילד גדל ועכשיו הוא נער
The sapling is growing 1 meter every year - השתיל גדל/צומח מטר אחד בכל שנה
A gardener grew cereal in the garden - גנן גידל דגן בגן
The verb צמח is specific to plants, but can occasionally be used figuratively for kids. Also, try to say that last sentence quickly.
Because of the nikkud (and audio).
The girl grows = הילדה גדֵלה (hayalda gdela)
The girl grew = הילדה גָּדְלָה (hayalda gadla)
No. The word גדלה is only reflexive. From the same root but with a different binyan you get the transitive verb: מְגַדֶּלֶת .
Thank you! Do you have a guide you would recommend for understanding niqqud? I feel like I'm about to get real confused soon if I don't wrap my head around it quickly.