"I am not climbing that mountain!"
Translation:Arra a hegyre én fel nem mászom!
Would this work too?
"Én nem mászom fel arra a hegyre"
To me, it does not feel natural to say "Én fel nem mászom"
Yes, it is perfectly fine.
The official translation, "Arra a hegyre én fel nem mászom!", is also perfectly fine. But I understand why it might feel wrong. It is a special and very emotional sentence and word order, with extra emphasis, trying to say "Noooooo waaaaay am I going up that mountain!"
First because én is in there?
Secondly because nem is squeezed in between the (still selfemphasizing?) preverb+verb group? They are still attached to one another, but made it a threesome? I am not sure I saw this constellation so far. Detaching the preverb goes only with nem (or sem, I guess) otherwise it has to be placed behind the verb?
Yes, this is a special word order, kind of an emotional one.
But there are other cases when the preverb is split, stays in front, and there is another word (verb) in-between. They have a name, let's just call them splitter verbs. Here are a few examples:
"Fel akarok mászni" - I want to climb up
"Fel szeretnék mászni" - I would like to climb up
"Fel fogok mászni" - I will climb up
Also, your favorite "van" can be a splitter when used in a passive(?) structure:
"Meg van csinálva" - it is done
"El van intézve" - it is arranged
Or, if you want a climbing example:
"A macska fel van mászva a fára." - this is a classic bad usage of the structure, hopefully I don't have to explain why.
Oh, and you can go further with that emotional emphasis, adding an extra word:
"Arra a hegyre én ugyan fel nem mászom!"
Emphasis via extra words? Now that is something that should be easier than doing it by word order and verb permutations...
I would gladly say: "of course I see the utter nonsense", but I am afraid that you probably can provide a Turkish sentence and I would think it sounds alright.
mászva is already a problem. I can't find it in conjugation tables?
But I found a nice mászik sentence:
De a végén... Az Everest dönti el ki mássza meg... és ki nem.
But in the end... it is Everest who decides who climbs... and who does not.
I have some "verb splitters" explained in my grammar book: szeretne, volna, kell, tud, lehet, szabad, fontos, tilos, muszáj. Once I am through here, I have to dig into that book in depth.
"Szabad", "tilos", "muszáj" - I am not sure about those being splitters. Does your book have some examples?
"Mászva" - it is the passive voice version of the word. You could say
"The mountain has been climbed".
"The tree is climbed."
That "climbed" right there is the Hungarian "mászva".
But, in this incorrect sentence, the passive voice is attached to the cat, who performed the action. Instead of
"The tree is (or has been) climbed by the cat.",
it says "The cat is (or has been) climbed on the tree."
That's why it is wrong. It sounds more funny than wrong in Hungarian. But it is wrong.
Passive? I read that passive is not really used anymore in Hungarian? Maybe in the Bible and other old books.
This grammar book claims to provide A1-B2 level, but so many things are in it, with so few examples you have to be a genius to figure out how to say Hello in Hungarian... At least if it is your only source.
tilos and muszáj is simply "they function similarly" similar to what exactly? lol
Since the two examples before function differently:
fontos does not split the verb in the given example:
It is important to leave/ actually it says: It is important, that I leave. (Making this as emotional as it can be sounds like the perfect case though)
szabad does though:
El szabad mennem.
I am allowed to leave.
Okay, yes, "szabad" can be a splitter. But "tilos" and "muszáj", I doubt it.
Passive voice. Yes, some people are convinced that there is no passive in Hungarian. In fact, there are some (now) archaic passive formulas/conjugations that are not used anymore.
But the passive voice, as such, is very much alive. Only it is expressed differently. So, do not believe everything you read. I think this "there is no passive voice" nonsense is/was a movement to get rid of this so-called Germanism in Hungarian. But this is craziness, like so many initiatives coming from above that they try to shove down people's throats. If the language needs passive voice, then the language will find a way. Maybe we can't officially call is passive voice anymore, but it serves the same purpose.
Btw, I am not exactly sure about the definition of the passive voice (maybe because there is no such thing in Hungarian). My definition is anytime the subject is on the receiving end of the action. Except when the subject is also the one that performs the action, which is the reflexive.
I am not sure where I read it more explicitly, but this book states: "... no acting person, no concious willingly done action, the process is in the center. Those sentences have a passivist coloring (connotation). There is no indepentant conjugation scheme for the passive..." (so actually says it is passive, or similar to actual passive, wherever there is a difference. And might, like the cases, just be a different perspective.) But mászva is exactly that? A conjugation for passive? According to Wiktionary "Határozói igenév" which sounds like Japanese and ends in Russian in my mind. But is a adverbial participle. Possibly not part of the course here and it rings a bell, but I always hated such terms...
You can read those kinds of things anywhere online. It took me five seconds to find an article stating that there is no passive voice in Hungarian. The thing is, there used to be a conjugation for that, but it is now archaic, not used. There are other constructions that took its place. For example, using an undefined plural third person:
Instead of "it is done", you can say "they did it". That is, without mentioning the pronoun:
"It was finished last week" - "múlt héten fejezték be".
No pronoun, it is omitted when used as a substitute for the passive voice.
Another way is that határozói igenév:
"Az ajtó nyitva van", "a bank zárva van", "az ebéd meg van főzve", stb.
And of course "a hegy meg van mászva".
This participle is closest in meaning to the third form of English verbs.
And there is one more factor. The use of the passive voice is not the same in the two languages. There are situations where English prefers the passive but Hungarian uses an active form. And where Hungarian uses the passive, it does not mention the actor who performed the action. It can be done but it is not done.
"A hegy meg van mászva" - "the mountain is (or has been) climbed"
"The mountain was climbed by XY."
Here, Hungarian prefers the active voice:
"XY megmászta a hegyet."
"A hegy meg van mászva XY által."
("Által" is the postposition that would be used to reference the actor:
"By XY" = "XY által".
But this formula is really not used in Hungarian.)
Haha, an archaic version which is not used, passive that perfectly replicates English is possible but also not used and several forms of passive besides this still available in the repertoire of native speakers.
Yeah totally no passive in Hungarian...
Fascinating! But it also shows that this course teaches so little, beside the obsession with cases, and there is so much missing that probably would have fit the somewhat inflexible learning method here so much better.
Yes, I think so, too, less would have been more. They wanted to cover too much, focusing on very advanced stuff, and missed some very basic but much more useful stuff.
Anyway, I think any duolingo course can only be considered a good introduction.