Latin for Duolingo: Objects, Lesson 1
Salvete omnes! Welcome back to Latin for Duolingo. This totally unofficial series of Latin lessons has been going on for over a year now, as we wait for the noble classical language to make its way into the Duolingo incubator. If you would like to catch up with previous lessons, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at these links:
- Directory of Lessons
- Vocabulary List
- Memrise course for vocabulary
- Memrise course with sentences created by zsocipuszmak
- Previous lesson: Occupation 3
This lesson we’ll work on some names for common objects. We have some modern Latin vocabulary in this lesson, and as always, there are variations among the authorities. I list some alternatives in parentheses. If you want to research some vocabulary for yourself, I find these sites extremely valuable:
lexilogos – a clearing-house of many Latin dictionaries
Walter Redmond’s Glossarium – philosophical and modern Latin terms
tatoeba.org = a searchable database of sentences in all languages
I generally do not add a word in these lessons unless I’ve found it in one or more of these sites.
birota, ae = bicycle
raeda, ae (autocinetum, i) = car
computatrum, i (instrumentum computatorium) = computer
involucrum, i = envelope, wrapping, cover
pittacium, i = stamp, label, ticket
ventilatrum, i = fan
pars, partis, partium (f.) = part, piece
ocularia (vitra ocularia, pl.) = glasses (n.b. this is a 3rd declension plural neuter adjective, used as a noun)
objectus, us (obiectus, m. 4th declension) = obstacle, object (for object, res, rei / corpus, corporis may also be used)
Raedam habeo./ Raeda mihi est. = I have a car.
Raedam tuam vendis. = You sell your car.
Raeda patris caerulea est. = Dad’s car is blue.
Birota rubra est. = The bicycle is red.
Omnes liberi birotas habent. = All the children have bicycles.
Gaius computatrum emit. = Gaius buys a computer.
Quinque computatra habemus. = We have five computers.
Ubi est involucrum? = Where is the envelope?
Epistula in involucro est. = The letter is in the envelope.
Pittacium in involucrum ponit. = He puts a stamp on the envelope.
Pittacia emo. = I buy stamps.
Marcus ocularia gerit. = Marcus wears glasses.
Lucia sine ocularibus bene videt. = Lucia sees well without glasses.
Ocularibus egent. = They need glasses.
Poculum aquae volo. = I want a glass/cup of water.
Septem pocula lactis = Seven glasses/ cups of milk
Calix vini. = A glass of wine. (calix is perhaps a little fancier than poculum)
Calicem vini vult. = He wants a glass of wine.
Quid est objectus ille (res illa/ corpus illud) in viā? = What is that object in the road?
Birota est donum meum. = The bicycle is my gift.
Ventilatrum in fenestrā est. = There is a fan in the window.
parva pars panis = a small piece of bread
Paula parvam partem panis edit. = Paula eats a small piece of bread.
Tres partes carnis sunt. = There are three pieces of meat.
We’ll continue with more objects next lesson. Thank you to all who are following along with this course, and habeatis bonam fortunam!
Next lesson: Objects 2