Nicht / Keine
As you can see, I'm a newbie German "student".
I was studying plurals when I saw the word "keine".
What's the difference between Keine and Nicht?
When you use each one?
Do exist other words like those?
Thanks a lot!
In English, the word “no” is often the same as German «kein», but we use it infrequently:
- Ich esse keinen Fleisch = I eat no meat (literally) or I don’t eat meat (commonly)
In German, whenever you have a noun, you will tend to negate that (using kein) instead of the verb (using nicht): you don’t say «Ich habe Hunger nicht», but «Ich habe keinen Hunger».
so how should i distinguish the gender of hunger in german whether its feminine or masculine or neuter !
More precisely to the answer: "nicht" is a word to express a negation on a verb. "Keine" is the negative declension of an undefined article. Undefined articles in English are "a/an". In German (nominativ): ein (Maskulin), ein (Neutrum), eine (Feminin), eine (Plural). Negative versions are, respectively, kein, kein, keine, and keine. Sometimes you can distinguish the gender of words from them, sometimes you can't. For Hunger it is possible, since "Ich habe keinen Hunger" uses KEINEN, which is the Accusative Masculine declension of "Kein".
I totally forgot about this post and it's really nice to feel that an old question of mine is for me now something totally obvious, lol.
Kein is used with nouns: Ich habe kein Haus. (I don't have a house). Nicht is used with verbs: Ich schwimme nicht. (I don't swim).
The interesting thing is that "kein" is used in place of ein/eine/ein, AND it has a plural version- kein/keine/kein/keine. It is actually an adjective- meaning "no" or "not any".
Other words like it would be other adjectives that describe quantity, like "viel" (numerous) or wenig (less, least).