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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fustincho

Nicht / Keine

Hello everyone!

As you can see, I'm a newbie German "student".

I was studying plurals when I saw the word "keine".

What's the difference between Keine and Nicht?

When you use each one?

Do exist other words like those?

Thanks a lot!

June 14, 2012

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/citoyennedumonde

Kein is used with nouns: Ich habe kein Haus. (I don't have a house). Nicht is used with verbs: Ich schwimme nicht. (I don't swim).

The interesting thing is that "kein" is used in place of ein/eine/ein, AND it has a plural version- kein/keine/kein/keine. It is actually an adjective- meaning "no" or "not any".

Other words like it would be other adjectives that describe quantity, like "viel" (numerous) or wenig (less, least).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/srhzhng

Omg thank you so much for this the struggle is so real right now D:


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Adhitya1996

This was really helpful. Danke schon!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/shu

In English, the word “no” is often the same as German «kein», but we use it infrequently:

  • Ich esse keinen Fleisch = I eat no meat (literally) or I don’t eat meat (commonly)

In German, whenever you have a noun, you will tend to negate that (using kein) instead of the verb (using nicht): you don’t say «Ich habe Hunger nicht», but «Ich habe keinen Hunger».


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mona.alavikia

so how should i distinguish the gender of hunger in german whether its feminine or masculine or neuter !


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Fustincho

More precisely to the answer: "nicht" is a word to express a negation on a verb. "Keine" is the negative declension of an undefined article. Undefined articles in English are "a/an". In German (nominativ): ein (Maskulin), ein (Neutrum), eine (Feminin), eine (Plural). Negative versions are, respectively, kein, kein, keine, and keine. Sometimes you can distinguish the gender of words from them, sometimes you can't. For Hunger it is possible, since "Ich habe keinen Hunger" uses KEINEN, which is the Accusative Masculine declension of "Kein".

I totally forgot about this post and it's really nice to feel that an old question of mine is for me now something totally obvious, lol.

Good luck!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gottogetout

very useful posts. thanks. (I'am a beginner.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarcGrondin

Merci chère citoyenne-du-monde .. ça me chicottait plus que je ne voudrais le dire / ou l'admettre. Excellent !

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