Latin for Duolingo: Objects, Lesson 2
Salvete omnes! Welcome back to Latin for Duolingo. This totally unofficial series of Latin lessons has been going on for over a year now, as we wait for the noble classical language to make its way into the Duolingo incubator. If you would like to catch up with previous lessons, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at these links:
- Directory of Lessons
- Vocabulary List
- Memrise course for vocabulary
- Memrise course with sentences created by zsocipuszmak
- Previous lesson, Objects 1
We continue with names for common objects. As with last lesson, I list acceptable alternates in parentheses.
autobirota, ae (motobirota, ae) = motorcycle
charta, ae = paper, sheet of paper
cista, ae (capsa, ae) = box (we already know arca, ae, which usually refers to a chest or large box for storage)
cithara, ae = guitar, lute, lyre
claviatura, ae (plectrologium, i) = keyboard (of a computer, etc.)
fabrica, ae = workshop, factory
rota, ae = wheel
violina, ae = violin
catillus, i (patella, ae) = a small dish; lavare catillos = to wash the dishes
clavichordum, i (clavile, is (n.)) = piano (or other keyboard instrument)
vehiculum, i = vehicle
chartaceus, a, um = made of paper
lavo, 1 = wash, clean
cano, canere, cecini, cantus, 3 = make music, play an instrument, sing (used with ablative)
Charta alba est. = Paper is white.
Habesne chartam? = Do you have paper?
Cista chartae in mensā est. = The box of paper is on the table.
Lucia cistam pirorum emit. = Lucia buys a box of pears.
Est catillus fabarum. = It is a dish of beans.
Fabae in catillo sunt. = The beans are in the dish.
Gaius catillos lavat. = Gaius washes the dishes.
Holera lavamus ante edimus. = We wash the vegetables before we eat.
Catillos chartaceos (patellas chartaceas) habemus. = We have paper plates.
Haec raeda est vehiculum meum. = This car is my vehicle.
Raeda tua rotas atras habet. = Your car has black wheels.
Multa vehicula in viis hodie sunt. = Many vehicles are on the roads today.
Nostra familia tribus vehiculis eget. = Our family needs three vehicles.
Autobirota tua nova est. = Your motorcycle is new.
Illa fabrica autobirotas facit. = That factory makes motorcycles.
Paula in fabricā laborat. = Paula works in a factory.
Claviatura computatri ejus est. = It is the keyboard of his computer.
Violina est matris meae. = It is my mother’s violin.
Marcus violinā canit. = Marcus plays the violin.
Citharā cano. = I play the guitar.
Clavichordum nostrum grave est. = Our piano is heavy.
Discipuli clavichordo canunt. = The students play the piano.
Arma virumque cano... = I sing of arms and a man... (famous opening line of Virgil’s epic, the Aeneid - notice that it uses the accusative)
I hope you’ve enjoyed this lesson. We will be getting into verbs again next time, I think. Valete et bonam fortunam!
Next lesson: Verbs Present 3, lesson 1
My first teach used the "Cambridge Latin Course". My second teacher made us use "ECCE ROMANI!". They're both great books (Everyone in my grade liked Cambridge Latin Course's story a lot). I would also recommend https://www.youtube.com/user/latintutorial He has great videos and I taught myself more/harder Latin with the help of his videos.
Yes, definitely! And Italian and Portuguese. The Romance languages have been the easiest Duo languages for me, because they are basically modern variants of Latin. Other Indo-European languages that are not in the Romance group are harder, but even there I'm constanly finding concepts of grammar that are identical, and many words of Latin origin.