1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Duolingo
  4. >
  5. Japanese Lesson 48: Date and …

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Demon-Kiyomi

Japanese Lesson 48: Date and Time Part 3

VOCABULARY

Saturday: Doyoubi: どようび: 土曜日

Sunday: Nichiyoubi: にちようび: 日曜日

Year: Toshi: とし: 年
Nen: ねん: 年 (This is a counter)

Age: Toshi: とし: 年
Nen: ねん: 年 (This is a counter)

Yes, same word, isn't that lovely? Oh and a "counter" is a word that goes behind a number to show what you're talking about. sort of how we use "years old" but there are TONS more counters in Japanese than English.

Week: Shuu: しゅう: 週

Month: Tsuki: つき: 月
Gatsu: がつ: 月 (Gatsu is used when paired with a number or "nani")
Kagetsu: かげつ: ヶ月 (this is a counter!!)

Hour: Jikan: じかん: 時間

I personally like the fact that Sunday in Japanese is still "SUN day". ... on that note I also like how Monday is "Moon day". :)

SENTENCES

Saturday and Sunday
Doyoubi to Nichiyoubi
どようび と にちようび
土曜日と日曜日

Weeks and Months
Suushuukan to suukagetsu
すうしゅうかん と すうかげつ
数週間と数ヶ月
(lit: Several weeks and several months)

数 (suu) means "number" or "several" (or "many"...etc. etc.) and we know 間 is a marker for a period of time. KAGETSU ヶ月 is a COUNTER for months. :)

The years
Suunen
すうねん
数年

NOTICE Pronouns are to be avoided at all costs. However to get through the reverse tree you'll have to use them... so we're just going to use them.

We walk for an hour
Watashitachi wa ichijikan arukimasu.
わたしたち は いちじかん あるきます。
私達は一時間歩きます。

He is my age.
Kare wa watashi to onaidoshi desu.
かれ は わたし と おないどし です。
彼は私と同い年です。 (lit: He and I are the same age)

You'll notice for 同い年, 同じ (onaji) changes it's sound to "onai" and 年 (toshi) changes it's sound to "doshi"

... maybe for simplicity's sake... try to learn it as it's own word. :) I find that helps me out a lot instead of remembering rules. .... though it is kind of weird to think of the fragment "same age" as a singular word...

You'll also notice the particle "to" which in this case probably takes on a closer feeling of it's translation of "with".... but in English that makes no sense and we'd use the definition "and" (... which actually carries with it the same sort of meaning in English... but not the same strength, I think.)

She is your age.
Kanojo wa anata to onaidoshi desu.
かのじょ は あなた と おないどし です。
彼女はあなたと同い年です。

The week
Shuu
しゅう

Today is Sunday.
Kyou wa nichiyoubi desu.
きょう は にちようび です。
今日は日曜日です。

Thank you.
Until next time!

Next Lesson

Previous Lesson

First Lesson

Table of contents

And because I think they're being lost in the fray! Free Resources

August 17, 2016

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Francy-Chan

Thank you for these lessons!! ^_^


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/akira0eigo

Getsu: げつ: 月 はたぶん "げつ" ではなく "がつ" だと思います。 

月-つき

一月-いちがつ-January

一月-ひとつき-a month

何月-なんがつ

何ヶ月-なんかげつ 数カ月-すうかげつ 月曜-げつよう


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Demon-Kiyomi

も思います。wwww it's fixed now.
月は悪です。D=<


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JeffryEvan

i just see this and now start from lesson 1, i hope someday duolingo make an official course for it. do you have a PDF or doc version for this lessons so i can learn it offline?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Demon-Kiyomi

Unfortunately I don't have a PDF or doc version of the lessons currently. XD I sort of just write them into the discussion board as I do the reverse tree in another tab and post them same day.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JeffryEvan

no worries, the link already helpfull so i don't need to browse entire discussion board to find the lesson sequence. thanks for making this lesson :)

Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.