"Summer is a good period."
Translation:Lato to dobry okres.
I would say, that "pora" is very unspecific word and in most cases it demands some clarification when it is used, so it is rarely used alone. It may be translated as "time", but it covers only some meanings of the English word "time" - it denotes "a specific time". Even, some dictionaries do not translate "pora" as "time", only give samples of "pora" + another word.
It may be specified by a noun or adjective - it is neutral then, it just means a specific time:
- pora urlopowa (sezon) = vacation time / season
- pora roku = season
- pora nocna = nighttime
- pora dzienna = daytime
- pora letnia = summertime
- pora lunchu = lunchtime
- pora deszczowa = rainy season
- pora mokra = wet season
- pora sucha = dry season
- pora obiadowa = dinnertime
- pora posiłku = mealtime
- późna pora = lateness
- pora przyjazdu = arrival time
- pora lęgów = mating season , breeding season
- stosowna pora, odpowiednia pora = good time, appropriate time
It may be specified by a verb - then it means urging to do something:
- pora iść = (it is) time to go
- pora się pożegnać = (it is) time to say goodbye
- pora (coś) zjeść = (it is) time to eat (something)
- pora wstawać = (it is) time to get up, "rise and shine!"
- pora iść spać = (it is) time to go to sleep
- pora coś sobie wyjaśnić = (it is) time to be talking, (it is) time to have something explained (between you and me)
It may be specified by an adverb + noun or pronoun, it is also quite dynamic in that meaning, but not necessary urging, just informing about intended activity:
- pora na mnie = (it is) time for me (that I go)
- pora na ciebie = (it is) time for you (that you go)
- pora na obiad = (it is) time for dinner
- pora na zabawę = (it is) time for playing
- pora do szkoły = (it is) time to go to school
- pora do domu = (it is) time to go home
- w (samą) porę = (just) in time
- teraz nie pora (na coś) = (it's) no time (for sth)
- wizyta /uwaga nie w porę = ill-timed visit / remark
- do tej pory... = until now... , so far...
- od tej pory... = from now on...
- o każdej porze (dnia i nocy) = at any time (day or night)
It may also be specified by context, or by previous phrase or word:
- Idźmy. Już pora. (1) = Let's go. It's time already.
- Naprawdę już pora. = It is really time now (to do sommething)
- Najwyższa pora. (2) = It is high time now.
(1) See, that there is no verb before "pora", if there is a verb that makes the previous sentence (one word sentence). "Już pora" is a set phrase (związek frazeologiczny). BTW, there are plenty of them in Polish (some linguists say that it may be up to one million), they are similar to idiomatic expressions - the difference between set phrases and idioms is, that what the set phrase means is not much different from what the separate words mean (it is only often more concise) - which is rather not the case with idioms.
(2) See, that in Polish, the adjective is in superlative, it is also a set phrase. In the adequate expression in English, the adjective is in comparative.
There are 2 ways to express that:
- Lato to (jest) dobry okres. (the word "to" + noun phrase in Nominative; the verb "jest" is implied then, so it is usually omitted)
- Lato jest dobrym okresem. (if the word "to" is not used, the noun phrase has to be in Instrumental and the verb cannot be omitted)
More details here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/16373167