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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson I - Alphabet

[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]

Ƿesaþ ġe hāl!

Today I hope to introduce you all to the Germanic Language of the Anglo-Saxon of c.500.A.D.-c.1100.A.D. Britain!

Firstly, Old English (OE), has several letters that we do not have in Modern English (MdnE). There are as followed:

Ƿ | ƿ = 'wynn'

Þ | þ = 'thorn' ----- BOTH þ and ð are

Ð | ð = 'eth' ----- completely interchangeable

Æ | æ = 'ash'

Also, it should be noted that several letters have macrons over them, to show that it is a stressed / long vowel - or, in the case of ġ and ċ, a sound change:

ǣ, ē, ȳ, ū, ī, ō, ā, ġ, ċ,

That is all for this lesson! For more information on the alphabet, look here -

If this has inspired you/ started you to think that OE may be for you, check out Leornende Eald Englisc, here

EDIT I: If you haven't already, please endorse / upvote the Course suggestion page for Old English below to increase the chance of a Duolingo course:

August 29, 2016

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Osnakezz

Dangit... I, like, a few days ago had exactly the same idea — to write a Duolingo similar style course of Ænglisc.

Nice that you're doing this.

One of the few additions I'd like to give is that Old English had a few other letters too that were used:

ᵹ (the insular G), and

ſ (the long or sharp S),

but those were relatively quickly threw away in favour of g and ss , respectively.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ungewitig_Wiht

ᵹ and g are entirely the same in Old English. It was only in Middle English where ᵹ, by then written as ȝ, took on a distinct sound from g (it took on both the old sound of intervocalic back g [ɣ] and post-vocalic h [x, ç] which had merged into a single phoneme /x/.

The evolution of Old English g and h was something like this:

gān [gɑːn] > Middle Eng. goon [goːn] (MdE go [goʊ])

dæġ [dæj] > Middle Eng. day [daj] (MdE day [deɪ])

ġiefan [jɪvɑn] > Middle Eng. yiven [jɪvən] (MdE *yive [jɪv], through Norse borrowing we get "give" [gɪv])

dagas [dɑɣɑs] > Middle Eng. daȝes [daɣəs] (MdE *dawes [dɔːz], regularised into "days" [deɪz])

helpan [helpɑn] > Middle Eng. helpen [hɛlpən] (MdE help [hɛlp])

niht [niçt] > Middle Eng. niȝt [nɪçt] (MdE night [naɪt])

þoht [θoxt] > Middle Eng. thoȝt [θɔxt] (MdE thought [θɔːt]


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Osnakezz

Ahh, another IPA fan! :D Those things are indeed on point.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

I apologise for missing that out, as I was unaware, and had not seen that in any OE texts before


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Keep updated by bookmarking the lesson list! - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17439695


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sleevee

Eald Englesc wae fægere reorde. Ich understent lytle. Ich giernan cnæowan maran.

(And yes, I know I thoughtlessly massacred the inflections)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Don't worry, I, myself am still trying to get used to the inflexion, but practice makes perfect!

This man has videos that will help https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLnwScGuOxVlaN5aV9in9ag


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Osnakezz

Are you by any means native English speaking, or..?

I speak Dutch natively, and can speak English and German a bit (I'm refreshing my own German, which is why I am learning it on Duolingo as well).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

I am a native English speaker, who knows a little German


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Keep updated by bookmarking the lesson list! - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17439695


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/grey236

Yes finally! I know that these won't be extensive lessons but I've always wanted to learn Anglisc!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Indeed! I know but the bear basics myself, and I here direct all those who want extensive lessons to this fine mans youtube channel!:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLnwScGuOxVlaN5aV9in9ag


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Keep updated by bookmarking the lesson list! - https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17439695


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

yes, can I help you?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ThatFoxyFurry27

sorry, just look at yur home page.

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