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  5. "Ένας θρόνος."

"Ένας θρόνος."

Translation:A throne.

August 30, 2016



why is there an apostrophe at the start of ενας?


You need the accent to mark stress on polysyllabic words.


so are you saying that is not an apostrophe, but an accent mark? I think I understand now.


Oh, I understand your confusion. Yes, accents on capital letters look like that - Ά Έ Ό Ί Ή Ώ Ύ


In modern Greek (more correctly Monotonic), only the accent mark and the diaeresis are used.

In classical versions the marks are many and beginners may need a magnifier to read them because some of the marks are small and alike.


This conversation is joinin too many Duolingo masters :)


Ϊ and Ϋ being the only characters to use a diaeresis?


on EVERY single one?


I do believe that in proper written Greek they are required (although you can surely find text without any accent marks in highly informal internet discussions, etc.).

Funnily enough, when a word is written in capital letters only, the accent mark is never used. ΥΜΝΟΣ, ΣΕΛΗΝΗ - ύμνος, σελήνη


Words of one syllable take no accent. But words spelled the same take an accent to show different meanings. Πού interogative pronoun, where? που conjunction or relative pronoun


What's the difference between ένας and μία?


So what is the difference between ς and σ ?


ς is used only at the end of the words.


ς is always used at the end of the word while σ at the start or anywhere but end. For example σουβλάκια or μουσική we use σ but αέρας, θείος we use ς. They both are s and sounds same.


ς is used at the end of the word and σ is used in every other circumstance.


So the first ς makes simple s sound while the second is sh?


No, it is the same sound. The Greek "sigma" sounds between English "s" and English "sh".


Actually, the Greek "sigma" sounds like the European Spanish "s". However, this is not absolute, and it tends to vary by region and generation, e.g. in old Greek movies where the actors had undergone phonetics training, they pronounced the sigma like the English 's', which was considered to be the proper pronunciation. Here, I find this pronunciation to be confusing, as the final "sigma" does sound like "sh", which, to my ears as a native speaker, sounds odd.


Σ, σ is pronounced [s], a clear ordinary s, except before a. voiced consonant except λ, (i.e., β, γ, δ, μ, ν, ρ), then it is pronounced as the letter ζ (ζήτα), that is, [z]. Example o κοσμος του/ your world [o kozmos tou]

The final ς is pronounced [s] except if the next word starts with a voiced consonant, see above, then it is pronounced [z] Example o κοσμος μου/ my world [o kozmoz mou]

(Never sh, though some Greeks have unclear s-sound) See The Details of Modern Greek Phonetics and Phonology https://www.foundalis.com/lan/grphdetl.htm


Thanks for the information. It's very interesting.


How do you know the gender of a word?


It is best to learn a new word with its gender.

fem. -η, -α (not -μα), -ω

neutr. -ο, -ι, -μα, -αν, -ον, -εν

masc. end in -ς BUT some on -ος can be fem. or neutr., some on -ας, -ως can be neutr. which means that only

-ης, -ες, -ούς are safe masc. endings


Some (although it seems to be extremely rare) -μα are indeed feminine, for example ρίμα, νοσοκόμα


Yes indeed, I did not think of that. They are so rare

η νοσοκόμα, η οικονόμα ... are feminized masculines on -μος, hence the -μα

η ρίμα is borrowed from Latin fem. rima and Greek kept its gender

I also forgot an important exception: MILK is ΤΟ γάλα


I dont have greek font


Thanks for pronouncing "one throne" - because I needed ένας (a) for My lesson: "I am _ man" Εγώ είμαι ένας άντρας.


Why the ς at ενας sounds like 'sh'?


Sometimes it might indeed sound a bit softer than the English "sh", but it just happens, there's not some specific rule. Depends on whether one speaks fast, loudly etc ;)


A throne one throne how would you emphasise one throne


The difference can only be spotted in oral speech, where one either emphasizes/stresses the word "ένας" (one throne) or the word "θρόνος" (a throne) ;)


Does this not work for chair?


maybe you are thinking of πολυθρόνα/ armchair, which comes from Latin poltrona/ bed, which the Greeks wrongly associated with πολύς and θρόνος


Can anyone explain why the audio on Duolingo sometimes adds what sounds like"delico" to the pronunciation of the letter σιγμα?

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What you hear is σίγμα τελικό, i.e. ς, the final s. Why Duolingo adds it though... It's a problem, it shouldn't be read out loud unless you are describing the letter ς.

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