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Sister website Wiktionary says that ιώτα is an alternative form of γιώτα. I assume γιώτα is used because <γ> sounds roughly like a consonantal i before /i/ and /e/ sounds (in other words, almost like English <y>). Not exactly, but close. I also assume that in Ancient times ιώτα would be pronounced with the <ι> sounding like English <y>, so Modern Greek uses <γι> to approximate the sound.
Someone smarter: confirm or deny my suspicions!
The pronounce "ιώτα" can be found in the Bible as it is in "ἰῶτα ἓν ἢ μία κεραία" (Mathew, 5:18) https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+5:17-18, meaning the smallest letter in this case. As ι is really the smallest letter in the alphabet and it is like an antenna (κεραία) in shape
There is nothing abnormal about Greek letters, or inherently normal about Latin ones. I assume you mean how can you use Latin letters .... See Writing in Greek and Greeklish https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17556409 which gives details of how the use modified transliteration, although it is of great benefit to use the Greek alphabet and this post on hiw to add a Greek keyboard gives some helpful links https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17706271 whilst this one on Modern Greek resources is also very helpful https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17509582
Yes, these are very basic things you need to know about the Greek language. First of all many answers can be found on this page in answer to questions from other learners. Also, if you are on the web you should always read the Tips and notes at the start of the lesson. Then you can also check here:
These links will not only show you how to get the Greek keyboard but also how to find the Greek letters on it, how to add accents etc.
https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22040507 It will also help you learn the alphabet and where to find other
HOW TO GET THE GREEK KEYBOARD https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23430663
THE GREEK ALPHABET https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22424028
And here is another to help you navigate Duolingo
FAQ - General Questions, Bugs & Reports https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23799672
Some simple hints to get you started:
Always read the comments before posting.
Read the Tips & notes right below the list of lessons on your Homepage
Read the drop down hints. Pass your cursor over a word and a list of words will appear.
These are the official Duolingo guidelines which you should read. https://www.duolingo.com/guidelines And these will answer lots of questions about how Duo works. https://www.duolingo.com/comment/8000024
If you have questions just ask.
First of all you should have read the many comments above referring to the Greek ALPHABET ETC. There are lots of examples for all the letters.
Γγ is one of the only odd ones (along with Δδ) that are very different from normal English.
Γ-γ Γάμμα (Γάμα) //Gama |γ | pronounced as in game or yes
Also listen here: https://forvo.com/word/%CE%B3%CE%AC%CE%BC%CE%B1/#el
Please note that the letter in this exercise is γιώτα giota which is you will also find in the references above.
You are now in the ABC skill which is meant to help you learn the Greek alphabet. Yiota... is one of the letters of the Greek alphabet.
See here for some more information to make things easier for you
There are many references here so don't try to read them all at once but keep this link for further information. Best wishes and happy learning and remember we are here if you have any questions.
Ok, let's see why we show these words and what they mean:
"Each letter in the Greek alphabet has a name so "γιώτα" is the word that means the letter i or when we say "kappa" we mean Κ etc. The way we say "double u" for W."
These words will also help you get used to the sound and spelling of Greek words. If you are already familiar with the look and sound of the Greek alphabet you can move on to the next Skill.
To see more on the Greek alphabet go here
And look at the Tips for each Skill at the start of each lesson you'll see "TIPS" or a lightbulb image. Click on that for information.
Also, read the comments on this page which has further information.