Can I bother someone about this word? It seems it can be broken into αντω and νυμία but even if I'm right I'd further like knowing the meaning of the individual components. thanks in advance
It is really composed of two words ΑΝΤΊ (instead) and ΌΝΟΜΑ name. It means: instead of the name.
Furthermore, in ancient greek grammar όνομα/όνυμα used to mean noun or adjective, so it really meant: instead of a noun or an adjective.
Today, όνομα only means name and όνυμα isn't used in modern greek on its own, only as a root for compound words, like αντωνυμία or ψευδώνυμο.
Also συνώνυμο, πατρώνυμο, επώνυμο, χριστεπώνυμο,ακρώνυμο, πολύώνυμο, μονώνυμο, διώνυμο, ομώνυμο, ετερώνυμο etc. Thank you for your cooperation, something I do not like here is that I work alone!
My dear why do you ask about it? Except if you know all the others. Anyway it means christian (in the Bible).
Thank you. Believe me, it was the most interesting of those 2 I did not know. Ιf the other one is ακρωνύμιο, I know all, acronym
I like τριώνυμa/ trinomials and all the other πολυώνυμα/ polynomials . I am a mathematician
Also you are polyglot (it derives from «πολύ» much and «γλώσσα» language but also tongue).
Each one his own preferences. I am agreeably surprised, don't you like this one «αx² + βx+γ»? It is a new one, it is called τριώνυμο. As for the acronym, do you know Compact Disc? CD is its acronym (greek word remember?), something like USA.
Another false friend :)
H αντωνυμία - the pronoun
The antonym - το αντώνυμο
How true and as you say "another" there are many more to trip us up, but we won't let them.
I've been trying to understand exactly what the English word eponymous means. Perhaps it would help if I knew the Greek word. :-)
eponymous επώνυμος under one's own name or with name,
anonymous ανώνυμος nameless, incognito
more: επώνυμο = surname, ονοματεπώνυμο =
το μικρό όνομα και το επώνυμο = the first name and the surname
These comments are very helpful. Thanks for taking the time to discuss these issues. Enlightening.
Ok, I have to ask: is the similarity (first five letters) to Αντώνης just a coincidence?
Do you know Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) the roman general, later lover of the beautiful Cleopatra, queen of Egypt? «Αντώνης» derives rather from that «Antonius». Now «αντωνυμία» litterary means «instead of name (αντί ονόματος). Anyway cute question!