Fun Fact: ντουντούκα comes from Turkish düdük, meaning something like "whistle" or "pipe" or something. In Ancient Greek, ypsilon was pronounced like Turkish ü and therefore -- had the word düdük been borrowed in ancient times (somehow) -- it would be written something like δυδύκα and would as a result be pronounced very differently today.
Is any of that particularly important? No, not really. I just thought it was neat.
I find that fascinating. What a wondrous world we live in...as the song goes. Many of the villages were I live had Turkish names which were changed to Greek years ago--but people still use the old name. You can always tell when someone is from out of town by what he calls those villages.
Indeed, I did a bit of a frown when I first saw it. But now that it's out and there are so many comments, a great many on the order of "Who needs it?" I have a feeling we do need it. It presents the diphthong ντ twice and is just whimsical enough to be remembered. And by no means is it being ungrateful to give your opinion. This is a community site and everyone's thoughtful views are accepted, respected and constructive. So, feel free to communicate with us.
Correct! Besides ⟨ντ⟩ [d], there also are other digraphs in Modern Greek. A few examples:
- ⟨μπ⟩ — [b] as in about
- ⟨τσ⟩ — [t͡s] as in cats, usually retracted
- ⟨τζ⟩ — [d͡z] as in pads
- ⟨γκ⟩ and ⟨γγ⟩ — either [ɡ] as in again or [ɟ] as in argue, both usually retracted
See this section about Modern Greek phonology on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Greek#Phonology_and_orthography
I'm afraid they are not interchangeable. Greek uses genders, that is classifies nouns into grammar categories/groups known as masculine ο, feminine η and neuter το. But don't expect them to be used for men, women or cars accordingly. Just think of them as groups that are used in a similar manner. So, if you learn that "girl" is neuter, and "chair" is feminine don't be surprised. Let's just call them Group 1, group 2 and group 3 to make life easier.
Thank you for your nice explanation. Greek has three genders like German, Russian. No wonder that Mädchen is a neuter word in German. Chair= Стул is masculine in Russian, livre is also masculine in French and feminine in Russian. By the way I speak a language which too has three genders
Ok, let's take things slowly.
On Duo, you learn by doing the exercises which give you experience in the use of the language. Right now you are learning the alphabet and a few words. There are over 70 more skills so all will be made clear.
For the letter the, please have a lesson where it teaches us that η can be used to say το. Because up to this point, i had no idea.
Here is a brief answer to your question. η is not a word to say το they are both ways to say the there is also o. This is explained a few times on this page. So make it a habit to read the comments they can be very helpful.
Also, there are Tips & hints for each skill which you find by clicking on the light bulb image, there are Drop Down Hints which show you exactly which words to use in the translations and there are, and this is important, the comments given by the community.
This page contains numerous comments if you read them you'll find out what the ο, η and το are about. Also, you'll find lots of other helpful ideas on how to get more information.
And of course, you can always ask us. But do use the ideas given above.