Those "dots" are what we call in Eng. "diaeresis" and are used to show that a vowel is pronounced as a separate syllable. e.g. naïve or Brontë.
In Gr it is called διαλυτικά (or διαίρεση). For example in this word:
προϊστάμενος we have οι which is usually pronounced like i or η υ etc that is as one sound but here we want each letter* pronounced individually.<;
Here is how you create the διαλυτικά on a letter....(this is from the post by "josclag" below:
or anyone curious how to type it, it is SHIFT + accent key (semicolon/colon on English keyboard) followed by the letter to be diaeresized
προϊσταμενος It's really easy.
Such a long post for such a tiny item. Don't worry about it you can leave it to the dictionary. :-))
I answered "Ο προϊστάμενος" but Duolingo marked it wrong and told me the correct answer is "Ο προϊστάμενος". For the life of me, I can't see the difference. Does anyone else see what I'm missing? I assume it's a bug in Duolingo. Reported 3 February 2020. Also reported as a bug with a screenshot. Weird.
Yes, that is very strange indeed. If you had made a Report "My answer should be accepted." we could see exactly what is going on. I am wondering if you might have used a letter from the wrong keyboard by accident. The program that grades the exercises will not accept letters for the wrong keyboard.
Next time you have a problem with sentences being rejected make a report so we can get to the bottom of it.
We moderators cannot see your sentence therefore before you posted your comment here you should have made a REPORT.
Here's how to report. Go to the bottom of the exercise page where you'll see REPORT Click on that:
Then choose what you want to REPORT: (You'll see these to choose from.)
-The audio does not sound correct.
-The dictionary hints on hover are wrong or missing.
-The Greek sentence is unnatural or has an error.
-The "Correct solution" is unnatural or has an error.
-My answer should be accepted. This is the one you should click on if your translation was not accepted.
After choosing the REPORT you want to make you should post on the comment page.
Hi, @jaye16. As I said, I did report it before I posted my comment; and I did it exactly as you suggest, by checking: "My answer should be accepted." In addition to that, I also took a screenshot and separately reported it as a bug. So two reports, plus my post.
The input source for my keyboard was Greek. The series of keystrokes that I used to generate an iota with a diaeresis was: shift+; and then i, which resulted in: " ϊ ".
To access Duolingo, I use Safari (Version 13.0.5) on a MacBook Pro running macOS Mojave (Version 10.14.6).
Later, when this question cycled back to me again, I gave the same answer but typed the iota without the diaeresis, and Duolingo marked the answer correct but told me to “pay attention to the accents” — calling out the missing diaeresis on the iota!
I shared all of this information in the bug report, as well. I hope it is helpful and lets you see exactly what is going on, so you and Duolingo can try to get to the bottom of it. As always, thank you!
Before making my comment about the Report I had checked our incubator and didn't find a Report from you and I just checked it again to be sure but I'm afraid it's not there. In fact, the most recent Report was months ago.
I'm sorry we moderators do not have access to the Bug reports so can't see your screenshot which would have been equally useful.
Now, you are presenting new information so please clarify some of it for me.
The first time you answered "Ο προϊστάμενος" and it was rejected outright. In these cases, we always worry about incorrect keyboard issues. It is very common to forget to switch keyboards then switch but inadvertently leave one letter from the first attempt. And the most common occurrences are with the articles: "O', "To" and "H" because of course the Greek most often has an article at the beginning of a sentence, and those letters look just like their English equivalent, to the naked eye, that they slip by. If we had either your Report or the screenshot we'd be able to test for keyboard issues.
The second time it was accepted except with a comment about the missing diaeresis.
I'll try to find out if there are any known bugs with Reports of "My answer should be accepted." from the exercise page not being received. These reports are very important to our work.
Thank you for your cooperation and assistance.
The only thing that I can further clarify is that I was definitely using Greek as the input source for my keyboard the entire time when I gave that answer.
I copied my answer and pasted it into my original post here. Perhaps your trained eye can spot the difference between a capital O and an omicron. Mine can't. I typed a Latin O first and then a Greek Ο side-by-side below, and they are dead ringers:
But I can confidently say that that was not the issue here. The fact that my report is not showing up may just point to something buggy that was going on with Duolingo at that moment.
I know you put in a lot of time and work to continuously improve the Greek course. It is appreciated greatly by me and many others.