Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson V - Grammar & Grammatical Cases I (An Overview)
[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]
Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!
We continue with our lessons in OE, and now that we can have a small conversation with each other, we must delve into the less interesting, but more important aspect of grammar in OE. I have tried to put this off long enough, but I will try to simplify it all so it is understandable.
Now, OE has 5 grammatical cases, 3 moods, 3 genders, and the concept of "strong" and "weak" to contend with, but I will go through this one at a time.
The Cases and Genders effect almost every word that you will come across, affecting how a word is spelt, pronounced, or if the meaning has changed.
While "strong" and "weak" refer to nouns, verbs and adjectives, we will not be covering it in these lessons, as this is but a basic 'springboard' lesson series.
The Five Grammatical Cases:
Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative & Instrumental
The Three Genders:
Masculine, Neuter and Feminine
The Three Moods:
Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative
Now, what do you realise here? If you have taken German or any similar language, you would have doubtlessly seen some similarities!
For the next set of lessons, we shall be going over these cases,moods, and genders, one-by-one, for the benefit of all those who are not familiar with German or similar languages
[That is all for this lesson! For more information on Grammatical Features of OE, check out this playlist:](https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLX2L8KuRbPMCp1LGy9KgXOsqxp5OuA-Y4}
Iċ þancie ēow!