"I don't wear shoes"
Translation:Εγώ δεν φοράω παπούτσια
Ok, so what's "φορέσω"? I can never keep these different present tenses straight....
It is a dependent form which is used to form future simple, perfective subjunctive and other forms
Is it right to use 'δεν' always, regardless of the following sound? Some native Greeks told me they skip the 'ν,' saying 'δε' instead. However, I don't remember having found that form of this word in this course.
According to the latest guidelines, maintaining the final ν regardless of what follows is not correct in written Greek.
What this means is that:
a) previously the rules were different, so you may meet people who were taught a different rule and that doesn't make them wrong, just not class ready ;) b) you can keep it in spoken Greek.
In practice it's not really an issue, but academically speaking you definitely lose points and make a not so great impression. Beyond that, you're fine either way!
The general rules are that you put a "v" at the end of δεν/μην/αυτην/την etc, when the following word starts with α,ε,η,ι,ο,υ,ω, γγ,γκ,μπ,ντ,τζ,τσ, κ,π,τ,ξ,ψ. Otherwise you don't. Example: Την αρκούδα / Τη λάμπα. Δεν μπορώ/ Δε βιάζομαι...