Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson VII - Grammar & Grammatical Cases III (The Accusative Case)
[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]
Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!
Now, this next Grammatical Case ties in nicely with the last.
:(ModE) The man slew the dragon .
(OE) Se ƿer slōh þone draca.
What is in the accusative here? draca, because it is the one being slain., as opposed to the man, who is doing the slaying.
(ModE) I the love the cat
(OE) Iċ lufe þone catt.
What is in the accusative here? catt, because it is being loved, opposed to I, who am loving it.
Summary: The accusative case is used for the direct object of the sentence. How do you remember if a word in this case? Look for the pronoun and transitive verbs!
Iċ þancie ēow!
Not unless you are this epic guy ---> https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLnwScGuOxVlaN5aV9in9ag/featured
No, it is not spoken nowadays, and has not been spoken since 1100-ish :)
That is the saddest thing to all.
I hope that with LEE's lesson, and these lessons, that it will be revived once again!
No. ModE that adapted from Middle English is a lot difference from OE, as OE is a true germanic language, while ME and ModE were greatly influenced by the French Norman language that arrived in the 1066 conquest.
I hope that clears it up, and if not, ask more questions :)