Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson VIII - Grammar & Grammatical Cases IV (The Genitive Case)
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Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!
Now, this next Grammatical Case is one that is mainly dead in ModE, but still has lingered on.
(ModE) Kevin's dog.
(OE) Cefines hund.
What is in the genitive? Kevin, being it is his dog. Why is dog not in GEN - because it is the subject of the sentence (and thus in NOM).
Example II :
(ModE) Bēoƿulf of the Geats
(OE) Bēoƿulf ġēata
What is in the genitive? 'ġēata' meaning 'of the geats' - as that is the origin of Bēowulf.
Summary: The Gen case, although used for more than the reasons of possession and origin, can be better remember as thus until one gets used to its other uses. In ModE, the genitive case lingers on in the 's in possession (e.g - Kevin's Dog)
Iċ þancie ēow!