Translation:Et toi ?
"tu" is exclusively used as a single subject.
"te" as a direct object.
"toi" in other cases.
So, one of the most famous French phrases in all of English literature, "Et tu, Brute?" is grammatically incorrect?
Et toi (stressed pronoun) in French.
"tu" is exclusively used as single subject with its conjugated verb.
Actually, I looked up the phrase to ensure that I'd gotten it right - and I had ... just the wrong language! It is, of course, perfectly grammatically correct Latin. Thanks.
I don't think you CAN get a more single subject than 'And you? Plus 'et tu' and 'Et vous' have both been accepted as 'correct' in previous instants. What is different about this one?
You can't know in English, but in French, you can. So if you get the English sentence to translate, Duo will accept "Et toi" or "Et vous" (stressed pronouns).
"Vous" can be formal and singular or plural. The form "vous" is the same, when the pronoun is a subject, a direct or indirect object or a disjunctive pronoun.
"Tu" is the familiar "you" for friends, family and children, and its form changes depending on its function in the sentence:
- subject: tu
- direct or indirect object: te
- disjunctive/stressed: toi
After a preposition (de, pour, par, avant, devant...), and in short questions and answers, you have to use the disjunctive pronoun form.
"Toi" is the stressed pronoun for the familiar singular "tu", and "vous" is the stressed pronoun for "vous", a formal singular or plural "you".
Only "et toi" is correct. "Tu" can only be used as the single subject of a conjugated verb. "Toi" is a stressed or disjunctive pronoun you have to use in short questions or answers (c'est toi ! / et toi ?), after a preposition (pour/avec/sans... toi) or if there are several subject pronouns for the same verb (toi et moi sommes amis).
So why, in all other instances of 'you' have I been tahgt to say ' tu ' or for formal 'vous' ? Totally confused now.
"Tu" is used exclusively as a single subject. With another subject, after a preposition or in short questions without a verb, you must use the stressed/disjunctive pronoun "toi".
"Vous" does not change forms, be it a single or joint subject, a direct or indirect object, in short questions or short answers, etc.
The whole list of stressed pronoun is: moi, toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, elles.