Être en train de...

In some duolingo exercises I have seen the phrase "être en train de" used but I don't think it's ever explained. So I will do my best to do so for anyone who does not understand it. Être en train de means "to be in the process of". As we do not use the progressive participle in French the same way we do in English (i.e. we do not say "Je suis faisant" while in English we do say "I am doing") être en train de is used to insist continuous action. E.g. Je suis en train d'apprendre le françias - I am in the process of learning French.

This can also be used in the simple past tense Rather than saying Je mangais quand il est rentré You can use J'etais en train de manger quand il est rentré

être en cours de has a similar meaning, but it's passive and is usually followed by a noun E.g La maison est en cours d'aménagement - the house is being renovated.


September 3, 2016


Nice explanation!

Just a small correction, it is not "il a rentré" but "il est rentré" ;)

September 3, 2016

Thank you, I sometimes forget the auxiliary verb for past tense movement verbs is être

September 3, 2016

Merci beaucoup pour ton explanation!

September 3, 2016


Just a minor difference between the English and Romance versions of this word.

September 9, 2016

hahaha true my mistake!

September 10, 2016

I totally get you. French and English are two totally different languages in speach. I am just starting french and it is so fun. There are so many different words and phrases. There are adjectives, verbs, nouns, ect.. French is fun. I just finished the first section about 5 minutes ago. he is a brief statement about what I know in French. Je voudrais etre votre ami.

Translation: I'd like to be your friend.

Thank for the tips.Au revoir

September 3, 2016

si vous etes intéressé, je l'ai écrit les régles de grammaire sur; les verbes et le conjugaison, les adjectifs et les noms et les pronoms. Voulez vous que je vous envoie ces régles par email?

September 3, 2016

Je serais très heureux d'en avoir une.

September 4, 2016

Quel est ton courriel?

September 4, 2016

bonjour. Je voudrais les règles de grammaire si vous les avez toujours

April 17, 2018

how can i take more than one language on duolingo

September 5, 2016

Mouse over the flag symbol next to your name in the top of the screen and a drop down list will appear

September 5, 2016

thanks for the explanation

September 6, 2016

I may add that it can also be used in the future tense: je serai en train de faire...

May 27, 2017
Learn French in just 5 minutes a day. For free.