"There is also a Turkish girl on the Hungarian ship."
Translation:Van egy török lány is a magyar hajóban.
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You can put is in different places, but only behind nouns (or behind adjectives, for that matter. Or adverbs. Or verbal prefixes. Anyway, not behind a verb.)
- Van egy török lány is itt. - There is also a Turkish girl here.
- Van egy török lány itt is. - There is a Turkish girl in this place as well.
Etymological question: did all the Hungarian position suffixes (-ban/ben etc) start out as postpositions like fölött, mellett etc, becoming appended to the preceding words over time? I notice that all the postpositions we've been introduced to so far are polysyllabic which would make it harder to graft them onto other words.
That is an interesting question. Which I cannot answer, but I can think of an oooold text that also has both suffixes and postpositions. So this is nothing new in the language.
It's worth noting that postpositions are capable of some interesting things that suffixes are not: Nem ismerem a szomszédaimot, akik laknak a lakásom alatt és fölött, I don't know my neighbors, who live under and above my apartment (though please pardon any errors in this example :) )
Could we get some guidance on this matter? In translating from English to Hungarian, is there any rhyme or reason to suffix selection? English "on" translates to Hungarian -on... but, wait, not in this case. Here it is -ban. Next time "at" or "by" will translate to -ban. Are these suffixes more or less interchangeable according to the situation? Are you just spoofing us that there is a right translation?
Although I am no Hungarian pro, but I guess the problem here is that you can't give a direct and fixed translation (for example, that -ban/-ben is only "in", and nothing else) because that is not how languages work. You have to choose what is suitable for a certain language. Sometimes -ban/-ben has to be translated as some other preposition. Prepositions in any lingo are quite a pain in the neck, to be honest :D
At least when translating Swedish/Norwegian to Finnish, the prepositions cannot be directly translated. They work in fundamentally different ways, where Swedish/Norwegian prepositions focus on the movement, while the Finnish emphasize the room and positions. Same should go for English-hungarian (and that is probably why you can "swim out of a lake" in Hungarian, while the direct translation doesn't make any sense )