In the notes for this lesson, the table gives forms for "3rd person singular masculine" etc. It would be good to explicitly explain whether the gender and/or plurality follow the possessor (like English: his vs her) or the possessed (like Italian: suo vs sua).
The possessive pronoun follows the possessor. For example:
- ο άντρας μου = my husband
- η γυναίκα μου = my wife
- το ψάρι μου = my fish
- οι θησαυροί μου = my treasures
- οι δασκάλες μου = my teachers
- τα βιβλία μου = my books
As you see, I used "μου" for words of all genders in both singular and plural number.
However, "δικός/ή/ό" (the equivalent of "own" in English) follows the possessed thing/ person.
- ο δικός μου άντρας = my own husband
- η δική μου γυναίκα = my own wife
- το δικό μου ψάρι = my own fish
- οι δικοί μου θησαυροί = my own treasures
- οι δικές μου δασκάλες =my own teachers
- τα δικά μου βιβλία = my own books
I hope that this helps. :-)
So της would be used when the possessed noun is feminine? Would you use this form in ‘his cat’?
Yes. That is a complete sentence meaning "The cat is hers".
It does not mean "her cat".
Ευχαριστω. And η γατα δικη της, without ειναι, was what I actually typed, but that was incorrect too?
I'm afraid it was. You can either say "η γάτα της" or "η δική της γάτα" (direct translation to "her own cat"). The structure you used doesn't quite work. :S
Do Greek ppl usually write the accents ´ in all words, or can you also leave them?
Where can I find this tips/notes about lessons you are talking about? I looked for in the app but I can't find them. Thank you.
Tips and notes are not available in the mobile apps to most users, unfortunately.
Use the website https://www.duolingo.com/ to access them.
On the website, once you have selected a lesson unit, a little window will appear with a Start button, a key, and a lightbulb; click on the lightbulb to see the tips and notes for that lesson:
If you are using the browser on a mobile device and do not see a little window with a lightbulb after selecting a unit, you can try using a different browser; holding the device horizontally (landscape) rather than vertically (portrait) to make the window wider; requesting the desktop site; or accessing the website from a larger device (e.g. table, laptop, PC) if you have one.
Thank you very much! I couldn't answer you until I found this discussion again doing the exercices, because from the e-mail I couldn't log in (forgot the password). Thanks!