"The girl is eating an apple."

Translation:Das Mädchen isst einen Apfel.

February 5, 2013



when I use DEN APFEL an when EINEN APFEL ?

March 17, 2014


~Ich esse einen Apfel = I am eating an apple. and ~Ich esse den Apfel = I am eating the apple. I think so... :)

March 18, 2014



May 11, 2014


Related question: as the object of the verb 'to eat', what is the difference in saying "THE apple," "AN apple," and "THIS apple"??

March 21, 2015



September 10, 2018


Den Apfel means the apple.... Einen Apfel means an apple

June 8, 2014


DEN and EINEN are accusative (used when the Apfel is the object of the verb and not the subject like in this case). You would say Ein Apfel isst das Madchen if you were dealing with a carnivore apple, which would be the subject of the verb to eat!

April 26, 2015


den = the ; einen = an. hope this helped :)

August 2, 2014


Apful sounds like I'm full.

March 5, 2019


why we use das before Mädchen why not die????

June 12, 2013


Because the word is neuter

June 16, 2013


But it was a girl. That is feminine isn't it?

October 22, 2013


Grammatical gender does not necessarily coincide with biological gender. "Mädchen" is neuter.

October 23, 2013


But, for example, I don't know which words are neuter and which not. How can I know it?

April 9, 2014


To my knowledge, memorization. Dont learn Apfel, learn der Apfel. I may be wrong.

June 15, 2014


Is this due to the word ending in '-chen' which seems to indicate nueter?

November 6, 2013


Yes. A helpful tip for German; if you have a single noun composed of a lot of nouns (compound noun), the last noun determines the gender of the whole. So this means 'Mäd-chen' takes 'das' because it's 'das Chen.'

Likewise, if we use 'Gedankenfreiheit' we know that 'Freiheit' takes 'Die,' therefor, to conjugate the entire word is 'die Gedankenfreiheit.' or 'der Pferdestall' because it is 'Der Stall.'

This only really becomes obvious with the more German you study so you can identify if what we English speakers would call a 'single word' a 'compound noun.'

January 1, 2014


Das Mädchen is not a compound noun though, das Chen is not a word. The ending -chen is a diminutive. I don't think you have those in English so not sure how to explain it. It indicates that the noun is small. But you're totally right that those are always neuter.

For example:

der Apfel = the apple

das Äpfelchen = the small apple

Das Mädchen was formed as such a diminutive and has no "undiminished" form left. That's why it is also neuter.

October 26, 2014


No, because the -chen ending makes it Neutral, therefore Mädchen isnt feminine (in terms of grammar)

Hope this helped

March 8, 2019


the girl = das Mädchen the girls = die Mädchen

March 1, 2015


Why is it "einen"

April 17, 2014


We're dealing with 'an' apple, so we use the indefinite article (as opposed to 'the', the definitive article).

On top if that, the apple is the object of the sentence, so it is accusative (so we get einen instead of just ein).

August 21, 2014


Cause it neuter

June 8, 2014


What is difference between isst and esst

September 28, 2014


isst is the verb for the second person singular, and third person singular in German. Du isst means you eat or you are eating. Er isst means he eats or her is eating. Sie isst means she eats or she is eating.

Esst goes with the pronoun you all, so you say this when you are talking to a group of people, like "You (all) are eating too quickly" or "You (all) eat too quickly," so Ihr esst can mean you (all) eat), or you (all) are eating.

January 31, 2015


I don't understand when to use isst and essen

May 29, 2014


Essen is the verb "to eat". "Isst" is the conjugated "essen" when used with "he,she,it". Like in english you conjugate the verbs by using "s" at the end when you're using "he,she,it", like: "The boy plays" Now, in german: "Der Jung spielt" - Verb: Spielen.

September 28, 2014


Das Mädchen ist einen Apfel essen, isnt that correct as well?

February 5, 2013


No, there is no present progressive in German. 'is eating' and 'eats' is both isst.

February 5, 2013


You're right. But: 'Das Mädchen ist einen Apfel essen' doesn't try to imitate a progressive form but rather an absentive. It's meaning is 'The girl is away, eating an apple'. http://www.glottopedia.de/index.php/Absentive The use of this form is very colloquial at best. I'd suggest to avoid it. And it isn't a good translation of the English phrase.

February 5, 2013


I actually avoided adding that part to my answer, since it's too colloquial to acutally be considered for someone learning German. Same for: Das Mädchen ist am essen. You hear both (a lot), but I even try to avoid it myself. It sounds rather sloppy, in my humble opinion.

February 5, 2013


Nope (ist =is) and isst come from the verb essen :) . Hope that's explain the differences :)

June 23, 2014


An = Einen everytime Right ?

July 18, 2013


No, Einen is the masculine form in Akkusativ for Ein. That is "Ein" + "en".

September 23, 2013


Why "Der Junge isst EIN Apfel" and "Das Mädchen isst EINEN Apfel."

September 13, 2013


It has to be "einen" in both cases. "Der Junge isst ein Apfel" is wrong.

October 22, 2013


Thanks, I alread found a great answer on a different question that asks the same thing:

In accusative, ein (masculine) becomes einen; ein (neuter) stays the same (ein), and eine (feminine) stays the same (eine).

Helped me.

October 22, 2013


Because the verd ESSEN requires an Akkusativ complement, that's why you add "EN" to the EIN. The "EN" you're adding is from Masculine Akkusativ Form.

September 23, 2013


I believe Griebel is asking why the first sentence doesn't require this accusative complement but the latter does. Basically when are we supposed to use the accusative form?

October 22, 2013


So "apple" is masculine?

June 2, 2014


Correct. Der Apfel= The (masculine) Apple

June 15, 2014


Warum ist das Mädchen isst? Warum ist nicht essen?

December 23, 2013


That is because if we refer to conjugation tables (see: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa100200a.htm) we see that 'Das Mädchen' is singular and not plural (hence 'Das Mädchen and not 'Die Mädchen,' because 'Das Mädchen' means 'The girl' whereas 'Die Mädchen' means 'the girls'); because of this we want to conjugate the verb (essen) to the singular subject (Das Mädchen). The singular third person conjugation for 'essen' is 'isst' so it is 'Das Mädchen isst.'

The only time in the present we would use 'essen' is for 'wir' and 'Sie' (note the capitalized 's' in that, it's important.) So, if we refer to our conjugation tables it would be 'Wir essen' (we are eating) OR 'Sie essen' (you (formal OR third person plural) are eating).

If you want to add onto those sentences, refer to the conjugation tables and make sure you conjugate the verb and the noun (the thing they are eating) accordingly.

z.b.: Wir essen einen Apfel. (WE are eating an apple. Because it is WE (wir) who are eating the apple (der Apfel), we need to conjugate the VERB (essen) to WE, thus it is 'Wir essEN)

Sie ESSEN eine Frau. (this is FORMAL (or third party plural) because of the verb conjugation. If it were 'Sie isst eine Frau' it would simply be 'She is eating a woman,' but because it is 'ESSEN' we know we are talking to someone formally, or we are referring to a third party plural)

Das Mädchen isst einen Fisch. (Das Mädchen is third person singular, therefor the verb (essen) needs to take that conjugation (third person singular). Likewise the fish (der Fisch) is being eaten so it takes the accusative of 'einen Fisch.')

For a more complete table, refer to this website: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/essen It will show you, if you click the 'Conjugation of Essen' and look at the present tense, on how to conjugate it based on the subject (i.e. who/what is doing the action; in the first sentence (and onward in my examples above) the verb is being conjugated based on 'Wir and Sie and Das' (so we conjugate the verb based upon 'Wir' or 'Sie' or 'Das') of the total possibilities of 'Ich/du/er (das falls in this category)/wir/ihr/(S)sie (the Sie and sie (referring to formal and third person plural) are the same, but just remember if the verb ends in 'en' and not 't' it is referring to third person plural OR someone important i.e. formally spoken!)

January 1, 2014


Why "Äpfel" isn't good? I don't know that's the plural form....

March 18, 2014


When we should use den , die or das .? I m confused

June 4, 2014


Why is it not die madchen despite the fact that madchen is feminine

June 6, 2014


Where can I find. "umlats" using an android phone?

June 11, 2014


Push and hold the letter on your keyboard... they should pop up.

September 5, 2014


Dang! How am I supposed to type girl in German when I have an English keyboard

June 19, 2014


Das "Mädel" is also translated as "the girl", my dictionary says. Why is it wrong then to translate: Das Mädel isst einen Apfel?

June 19, 2014


Duolingo needs to have a separate section on forms. It would make more sense to me if I knew why I had to use the "ich" form instead of another form.

June 24, 2014


I learned that "esse" means "is eating."

June 24, 2014


I am confused in using the if anyone knows please post me

June 27, 2014


Aaah I confused where should I use "der" "die" "das" !!

June 29, 2014


When you're at "nomative form".

September 28, 2014


How do I insert the umlaut? And why is ae for a umlaut wrong?

July 21, 2014


Why das Mädchen not die Mädchen?? Its feminin no?

August 16, 2014


"Das Mädchen" means "The girl". "Die Mädchen" means "The girls", on plural.

September 28, 2014


What is the difference between eine and einen?

August 18, 2014


You use "eine" when you're using "ein" + "feminine noun" in nomative. "Einen" when you're using "ein" + "masculine noun" in akkusativ.

September 28, 2014


Why we use DAS instead of DIE?

September 29, 2014


ich kenne das nicht=I do not know

January 7, 2015


DAS in singular, like THE apple. DIE in plural, like THE appleS.

September 29, 2014


Why Das Madchen but not ein or eine?

October 9, 2014


Why not use "ein", Apfel?

October 9, 2014


Eine/ein/einen? I dont understand when to use each and is the apple masculine or feminine?

December 21, 2014


Why is isst einen wrong?

December 28, 2014


Why is it that everytime the has a different word in german ...like die/ das/ der/ den

December 30, 2014

[deactivated user]

    i thought it should of been "die" because "die" is fem? instead they use "das"?

    February 24, 2015


    No, Mädchen is neutral, not feminine. Therefore, it IS das

    March 23, 2018


    I thought einen was one

    June 24, 2015


    I am confused about the use of "den Apfel" vs. "der Apfel"

    July 29, 2016


    Yes,Einen means ''an'' and den means ''the ''. so ''du isst einen apfel '' means '' you eat an apple''.

    July 21, 2017


    Sorry this is old, so to be clear it would be like "Ein Kind isst einen Apfel" but when do I use Eine? Or dem? Like, Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald (Tales from Vienna Woods)

    October 26, 2017


    You're getting ahead of yourself.

    'Eine' is used when conjugating indefinite articles (ein words (ein, eine, einen etc)) to female nouns in the nominative or accusative case.

    For example: Ich bin eine Frau (nominative conjugation). Ich esse eine Schlange (accusative case, as 'die Schlange' is being what is eaten.

    Dem is used ONLY with dative conjugation of Der or Das words.

    Ich bin mit dem Man (der Mann). Ich bin mit dem Mädchen (das Mädchen). Ich bin mit der Frau (die Frau).

    Mit is a prepossession that forces the noun into the dative case, incase you didn't know.

    Also, your example has a good teaching moment. It is 'aus dem' because 'aus' is also a prepossession. Look up dative and accusative prepossessions to know what they are, after you know that, you will gain insight on how the words following the prepossession should be conjugated. For example, off the top of my head, I know aus, ausser, bei, mit, nach, von, seit, zu are the dative prepossessions. That means usually following these words, you need to conjugate in the dative case.

    The exceptions will be if the prepossession also implies a change of condition, and that's only for some. Focus on correct case conjugation (nominative, accusative, dative) for now.

    October 26, 2017


    @Perry, I have a little question... I see Duolingo makes no difference between "I eat an apple" and "I am eating an apple"... Is this the same thing in english than in german then.?

    June 11, 2018


    I have read ein for apfel in previous lesson and here is einen which one is correct???

    December 16, 2017


    Im confussed on when to use ein, eine and einen

    January 10, 2018


    what is the difference between einen and ein?

    May 17, 2018


    when to use ein and einen? this part with the different forms is killing me

    June 28, 2018


    Really confused when and where to use "eine" "einen" or das or der or den .. please someone help me understand .. Danke !

    June 30, 2018


    I dont know when use "esse" "esst" "essen" "isst" pls tell me

    July 19, 2018


    I'm confused as to when I should be using isst/essen/esse

    July 19, 2018



    December 31, 2018


    Esse v Isst?

    January 31, 2019


    How do we know where to use "isst" and where to use "esst"

    February 24, 2019


    I put einen in the question before but it said i was wrong and had to put eine

    March 8, 2019


    When do I use 'ein' and when do I use 'einen?'

    March 18, 2019


    Why do we use isst and not essen

    April 22, 2019


    why we use einen? why it can't be ein?

    April 29, 2014


    In Deustch you need to conjugate not only the verbs, but the articles, nouns, adjectives and so on. That's why you use "einen". Einen means "ein" + "den", by "den" do you understand the article "der" in the akkusativ form, "den".

    September 28, 2014


    So.. die is feminine, but words ending in chen are neutered?

    May 7, 2014


    Yes. And words ending in "ung" are feminine.

    September 28, 2014


    Ein Eine Einen?

    November 20, 2014


    Why is einen Apfel?

    November 27, 2014


    I am doing this so in the future i can go to germany.

    April 19, 2015


    What is the meaning od einen??

    April 25, 2014


    You use "eine" when you're using "ein" + "feminine noun" in nomative. "Einen" when you're using "ein" + "masculine noun" in akkusativ.

    September 28, 2014


    When you use "eine" or "einen? ,

    May 9, 2014



    May 18, 2014
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