"The girl is eating an apple."
Translation:Das Mädchen isst einen Apfel.
~Ich esse einen Apfel = I am eating an apple. and ~Ich esse den Apfel = I am eating the apple. I think so... :)
Related question: as the object of the verb 'to eat', what is the difference in saying "THE apple," "AN apple," and "THIS apple"??
DEN and EINEN are accusative (used when the Apfel is the object of the verb and not the subject like in this case). You would say Ein Apfel isst das Madchen if you were dealing with a carnivore apple, which would be the subject of the verb to eat!
Grammatical gender does not necessarily coincide with biological gender. "Mädchen" is neuter.
But, for example, I don't know which words are neuter and which not. How can I know it?
To my knowledge, memorization. Dont learn Apfel, learn der Apfel. I may be wrong.
Is this due to the word ending in '-chen' which seems to indicate nueter?
Yes. A helpful tip for German; if you have a single noun composed of a lot of nouns (compound noun), the last noun determines the gender of the whole. So this means 'Mäd-chen' takes 'das' because it's 'das Chen.'
Likewise, if we use 'Gedankenfreiheit' we know that 'Freiheit' takes 'Die,' therefor, to conjugate the entire word is 'die Gedankenfreiheit.' or 'der Pferdestall' because it is 'Der Stall.'
This only really becomes obvious with the more German you study so you can identify if what we English speakers would call a 'single word' a 'compound noun.'
Das Mädchen is not a compound noun though, das Chen is not a word. The ending -chen is a diminutive. I don't think you have those in English so not sure how to explain it. It indicates that the noun is small. But you're totally right that those are always neuter.
der Apfel = the apple
das Äpfelchen = the small apple
Das Mädchen was formed as such a diminutive and has no "undiminished" form left. That's why it is also neuter.
No, because the -chen ending makes it Neutral, therefore Mädchen isnt feminine (in terms of grammar)
Hope this helped
We're dealing with 'an' apple, so we use the indefinite article (as opposed to 'the', the definitive article).
On top if that, the apple is the object of the sentence, so it is accusative (so we get einen instead of just ein).
isst is the verb for the second person singular, and third person singular in German. Du isst means you eat or you are eating. Er isst means he eats or her is eating. Sie isst means she eats or she is eating.
Esst goes with the pronoun you all, so you say this when you are talking to a group of people, like "You (all) are eating too quickly" or "You (all) eat too quickly," so Ihr esst can mean you (all) eat), or you (all) are eating.
Essen is the verb "to eat". "Isst" is the conjugated "essen" when used with "he,she,it". Like in english you conjugate the verbs by using "s" at the end when you're using "he,she,it", like: "The boy plays" Now, in german: "Der Jung spielt" - Verb: Spielen.
No, there is no present progressive in German. 'is eating' and 'eats' is both isst.
You're right. But: 'Das Mädchen ist einen Apfel essen' doesn't try to imitate a progressive form but rather an absentive. It's meaning is 'The girl is away, eating an apple'. http://www.glottopedia.de/index.php/Absentive The use of this form is very colloquial at best. I'd suggest to avoid it. And it isn't a good translation of the English phrase.
I actually avoided adding that part to my answer, since it's too colloquial to acutally be considered for someone learning German. Same for: Das Mädchen ist am essen. You hear both (a lot), but I even try to avoid it myself. It sounds rather sloppy, in my humble opinion.
Nope (ist =is) and isst come from the verb essen :) . Hope that's explain the differences :)
Thanks, I alread found a great answer on a different question that asks the same thing:
In accusative, ein (masculine) becomes einen; ein (neuter) stays the same (ein), and eine (feminine) stays the same (eine).
Because the verd ESSEN requires an Akkusativ complement, that's why you add "EN" to the EIN. The "EN" you're adding is from Masculine Akkusativ Form.
I believe Griebel is asking why the first sentence doesn't require this accusative complement but the latter does. Basically when are we supposed to use the accusative form?
That is because if we refer to conjugation tables (see: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa100200a.htm) we see that 'Das Mädchen' is singular and not plural (hence 'Das Mädchen and not 'Die Mädchen,' because 'Das Mädchen' means 'The girl' whereas 'Die Mädchen' means 'the girls'); because of this we want to conjugate the verb (essen) to the singular subject (Das Mädchen). The singular third person conjugation for 'essen' is 'isst' so it is 'Das Mädchen isst.'
The only time in the present we would use 'essen' is for 'wir' and 'Sie' (note the capitalized 's' in that, it's important.) So, if we refer to our conjugation tables it would be 'Wir essen' (we are eating) OR 'Sie essen' (you (formal OR third person plural) are eating).
If you want to add onto those sentences, refer to the conjugation tables and make sure you conjugate the verb and the noun (the thing they are eating) accordingly.
z.b.: Wir essen einen Apfel. (WE are eating an apple. Because it is WE (wir) who are eating the apple (der Apfel), we need to conjugate the VERB (essen) to WE, thus it is 'Wir essEN)
Sie ESSEN eine Frau. (this is FORMAL (or third party plural) because of the verb conjugation. If it were 'Sie isst eine Frau' it would simply be 'She is eating a woman,' but because it is 'ESSEN' we know we are talking to someone formally, or we are referring to a third party plural)
Das Mädchen isst einen Fisch. (Das Mädchen is third person singular, therefor the verb (essen) needs to take that conjugation (third person singular). Likewise the fish (der Fisch) is being eaten so it takes the accusative of 'einen Fisch.')
For a more complete table, refer to this website: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/essen It will show you, if you click the 'Conjugation of Essen' and look at the present tense, on how to conjugate it based on the subject (i.e. who/what is doing the action; in the first sentence (and onward in my examples above) the verb is being conjugated based on 'Wir and Sie and Das' (so we conjugate the verb based upon 'Wir' or 'Sie' or 'Das') of the total possibilities of 'Ich/du/er (das falls in this category)/wir/ihr/(S)sie (the Sie and sie (referring to formal and third person plural) are the same, but just remember if the verb ends in 'en' and not 't' it is referring to third person plural OR someone important i.e. formally spoken!)
Dang! How am I supposed to type girl in German when I have an English keyboard
Das "Mädel" is also translated as "the girl", my dictionary says. Why is it wrong then to translate: Das Mädel isst einen Apfel?
Duolingo needs to have a separate section on forms. It would make more sense to me if I knew why I had to use the "ich" form instead of another form.
Eine/ein/einen? I dont understand when to use each and is the apple masculine or feminine?
Why is it that everytime the has a different word in german ...like die/ das/ der/ den
i thought it should of been "die" because "die" is fem? instead they use "das"?
Yes,Einen means ''an'' and den means ''the ''. so ''du isst einen apfel '' means '' you eat an apple''.
Sorry this is old, so to be clear it would be like "Ein Kind isst einen Apfel" but when do I use Eine? Or dem? Like, Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald (Tales from Vienna Woods)
You're getting ahead of yourself.
'Eine' is used when conjugating indefinite articles (ein words (ein, eine, einen etc)) to female nouns in the nominative or accusative case.
For example: Ich bin eine Frau (nominative conjugation). Ich esse eine Schlange (accusative case, as 'die Schlange' is being what is eaten.
Dem is used ONLY with dative conjugation of Der or Das words.
Ich bin mit dem Man (der Mann). Ich bin mit dem Mädchen (das Mädchen). Ich bin mit der Frau (die Frau).
Mit is a prepossession that forces the noun into the dative case, incase you didn't know.
Also, your example has a good teaching moment. It is 'aus dem' because 'aus' is also a prepossession. Look up dative and accusative prepossessions to know what they are, after you know that, you will gain insight on how the words following the prepossession should be conjugated. For example, off the top of my head, I know aus, ausser, bei, mit, nach, von, seit, zu are the dative prepossessions. That means usually following these words, you need to conjugate in the dative case.
The exceptions will be if the prepossession also implies a change of condition, and that's only for some. Focus on correct case conjugation (nominative, accusative, dative) for now.
@Perry, I have a little question... I see Duolingo makes no difference between "I eat an apple" and "I am eating an apple"... Is this the same thing in english than in german then.?
I have read ein for apfel in previous lesson and here is einen which one is correct???
when to use ein and einen? this part with the different forms is killing me
Really confused when and where to use "eine" "einen" or das or der or den .. please someone help me understand .. Danke !
I put einen in the question before but it said i was wrong and had to put eine
In Deustch you need to conjugate not only the verbs, but the articles, nouns, adjectives and so on. That's why you use "einen". Einen means "ein" + "den", by "den" do you understand the article "der" in the akkusativ form, "den".