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Jego, Go, Niego?

I know that by using ciebie or putting the pronoun before the verb you stress it, but what's the story with jego. go and niego? Dzieki XD

September 9, 2016



You should read about the cases. I recommend using wiktionary to see the different forms. The declension of the third person singular masculine pronoun 'on' in the order nom/gen/dat/acc/ins/loc: on, go/jego/niego, mu/jemu/niemu, go/jego/niego, nim, nim. This means that 'go' is the genitive and accusative form of on. 'niego' is also the genitive and accusative form, but it is only used after prepositions, like this: Mój przyjaciel nie lubi kaczek, więc chodzimy na plażę bez niego / My friend does not like ducks, so we go to the beach without him. Jego is normally used as the third person singular masculine possessive in all cases: Jesteśmy na imprezie w jego domu / We are at a party in his house.


Jego - it shows possesion. For example - jego książka - his book. Using it after verbs sounds weird, and probably isn't even correct, for example, you need to say "Lubię go" not "Lubię jego" to say "I like him". You can say "Lubię jego brata/muzykę/uśmiech" etc, but in here "jego" is connected with brata and shows possesion,that's why another noun is needed after it. "Niego" means "him" but only when there's a preposition like for example "do" before it, and then it means "to him", like in "Mówię do niego" - I talk to him. But be aware, that for example, Poles don't call someone, but call TO someone, so if you want to say "I called him", you also need to say " Zadzwoniłem DO niego", NOT "zadzwoniłem niego".


Using it after verbs sounds weird, and probably isn't even correct.

That is not true. go/jego works like cię/ciebie ci/tobie mu/jemu mi/mnie się/siebie


Well, I have never heard someone saying "Kocham jego" meaning "I love him" or "witam jego" in my life. It sounds just wrong, unless there's another word after "jego", because "jego" in general shows a possesion, not the person who is a receiver of the action, like cię/ciebie. The only exception I can think of is something like "Kocham tylko jego", but still, there's another word in here, jego isn't after the verb.


Ona kocha jego, a nie ciebie.

Ona kocha ciebie, a nie jego

oczywiście że bezpośrednio po czasowniku lepiej pasuje "go". ale to nie ma nic wspólnego z zaimkiem dzierżawczym, nie mieszajmy w głowach obcokrajowcom.



take a look ot a declension table

and don't let people confuse you, jego is both a form of "on", "ono" and a possesive pronoun. (his, its)

when pronoun has two possible forms , shorter one is used in the not accented position, the longer one in accented position. accented position is at the beginning, after preposition and often at the end. Using longer form at the middle of the sentence makes the pronouns strassed, and that may sound unnatural in some sentences.

when pronoun has a possible n- form, this form is always and only used after preposition.

the table has also fourth form of "on" in genitive =accusative. (-ń), this is much more advanced, rarely used and rather old fashioned (you add -ń to a preposition)


Duze dziekuje (Sorry I can't type accents :))

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