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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson XVI - Pronouns III (3rd Person Pronouns)

[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]

Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!

If you missed the previous lesson (2nd Person Pronouns) click here -

Let's get into this once again!!!!

He, she, it and they don't know the true epicness of this :)

Nom.

he = he (M)

hit = it (N)

heo or hie = she (F)

heo or hie = they (Plural. - all Genders)

Gen.

his = his (M)

his = its (N)

hire = hers (F)

hira = theirs (Plural. - all Genders)

Acc.

hine = him (direct object) (M)

hit = it (direct object) (N)

heo or hie = her (direct object) (F)

heo or hie = them (direct object) (Plural. - all Genders)

Dat./Instrum.

him = with him ( or indirect object) (M)

him = with it (or indirect object) (N)

hire = with her (indirect object) (F)

him or heom = with them (or indirect object) (Plural. - all Genders)

If this has inspired you/ started you to think that OE may be for you, check out Leornende Eald Englisc, here

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P.S - (M) =Masculine , (N) =Neuter , (F) =Feminine

September 10, 2016

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Francy-Chan

héo sy swēte = she is sweet (?) ( is it correct? °_° ) Old english is very difficult D:


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

heo = she (nom),

is = is

swēte (in this case, a stong adjective - which we will talk about later - which is in the Nom., and connected to the Fem. heo - and is this correct)

see here for more info on adjectives in the mean times


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Osnakezz

Question, are the masculine, feminine and the neuter genders applied for the (if not all, then most) same words as German?

I.e. 'The bird' in German is 'Die Vogel', while in Old English it would be 'þe fugol'.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/aistobe

Der Vogel — The Bird. Die Vögel — The Birds.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/HistoryCulture

In answer to your question - while there are similarities between German and OE, you should not treat the language in that way, as there are plenty of examples of non-conformity between the languages.

Although one of the ways to say 'bird' in OE is Fugol, it is masculine, so in the Nom., it would be

se fugol.

I will go over the demonstrative pronouns (the/that, this/these) soon

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