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Present Tense [UK. GRAMMAR PORTAL]

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Вітаю!

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language spoken primarily in Western and Central Ukraine by 40 million people making it the third most spoken Slavic language by number of native speakers in the world!

What are tenses?

Tenses are the forms of verbs that tell when something did/does/will/would occur. Here are the list of basic tenses taught in the grammar portal

  • Past - Something that did happen. e.g. I was
  • Present - Something that does happen or is happening e.g. I am (being)
  • Future - Something that will happen e.g. I will be
  • Conditional - Something that would happen e.g. I would be

How do we form the Present Tense?

In the present tense, we must take into account three things:

  • The subject; Like the difference between, I eat and he eats
  • The conjugation; The endings change depending of the type of verb
  • The stem ending; Will be explain throughout the post

First Conjugation

This is the most common group of verbs and they usually end in -ати, just remove the -ти and add the following endings.

  • If the stem ends in a vowel

Читати

  • Я читаю - I read
  • Ти читаєш - You read (sg./inf.)
  • Він/Вона/Воно читає - He/She/It reads
  • Ми читаємо - We read
  • Ви читаєте - You read (pl./f.)
  • Вони читають - They read

  • If the stem ends in a consonant

Нести

  • Я несу - I carry
  • Ти несеш - You carry (sg./inf.)
  • Він/Вона/Воно несе - He/She/It carries
  • Ми несемо - We carry
  • Ви несете - You carry (pl./f.)
  • Вони несуть - They carry

If the verb ends in -увати

  • Just drop the -вати and add the endings

Готувати - To cook

  • Я готую - I cook
  • Ти готуєш - You cook (sg./inf.)
  • Він/Вона/Воно готує - He/She/It cooks
  • Ми готуємо - We cook
  • Ви готуєте - You cook (pl./f.)
  • Вони готують - They cook

Second Conjugation

  • If the stem ends in ж, ч, ш or щ

Вчити - To learn/study

  • Я вчу - I study
  • Ти вчиш - You study (sg./inf.)
  • Він/Вона/Воно вчить - He/She/It studies
  • Ми вчимо - We study
  • Ви вчите - You study (f./pl.)
  • Вони вчать - They study

  • If the stem ends in vowel or soft consonant

Говорити - To speak

  • Я говорю - I speak
  • Ти говориш - You speak (sg./inf.)
  • Він/Вона/Воно говорить - He/She/It speaks
  • Ми говоримо - We speak
  • Ви говорите - You speak (pl./f.)
  • Вони говорять - They speak

If you have any more questions, please leave them in the comments

Your Complete Guide To Ukrainian Verbs

The Grammar Portal

The Language Portal

2 years ago

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/CopainDesBois

How do I know if I should use the first conjugation or the second is the verb ends with a vowel ?

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/normanloukes

Is there a difference in Ukrainian, in expressing e.g. " I eat" and "I am eating"? Is it я ї'м and я їжу ? or does "я ї'м" mean both.? In which case what does "я їжу" translate as? Thanks.

1 year ago
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