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https://www.duolingo.com/Olja.

Should I use "er/var/vil være" or "har/havde/vil have" before "gået"?

Olja.
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Thank you in advance.

1 year ago

2 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Poulpoul

Depends on context.

Usually you use 'er/var/vil være' when you the sentence describe a transition/movement in place, time or otherwise and 'har/havde/vil have' when the verbs describe a state.

For instance:

Han er blevet syg - he has taken ill (transition)

Han har været syg - ha has been ill (state)

Since 'at gå' usually describes movement, most often you would use 'være'

For instance, Han er gået ud - he has gone out (transition/movement)

BUT. When the verb takes takes an object, you use 'have'

Jeg har gået en tur - I have taken a walk.

Since it can be difficult to distinguish between objects and adverbials, often 'have' and 'være' can be used interchangeably.

For instance:

Han er gået sin vej / Han har gået sin vej - he has gone [his way]. Both are used

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Olja.
Olja.
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Thank you so much!

1 year ago