Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson XX - Adjectives I (An Overview of Strong and Weak)
[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]
Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!
Now we go over adjectives - but first, an overview!
"What are adjectives? They are words used to describe either nouns or pronouns. Like nouns and pronouns, they are declined according to number, gender, and case; and their number, gender, and case must always agree with the noun or pronoun that they are modifying. In addition, adjective are also declined in either of two ways: strong or weak. This is governed by certain factors" - see full article here
[The following has been extracted from \https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Old_English/Adjectives due to want of a better way to explain this]
You can tell when to use the strong or weak declension.An adjective would be declined weak if:
I) It was always declined weak (like most ordinal numbers, and all comparative adjectives)
II) It was preceded by the definitive article ("se/sēo/þæt" or any possessive personal pronoun except for the 3rd person possessive pronouns ("his/hire/heora") - unless the adjective was one of the few adjectives that were always declined strong, like ōðer - "second"
III) It was used in a nickname and came after the personal name it modified (E.G - John The Swift, Alfred The Great, )
In all other cases, the adjective is declined strong, including if it came after a linking verb: (e.g "Iċ eom grēat - "I am great")