Is there an easy way to remember when gamma is pronounced like an English g or an English y?
Gama is pronounced with a sound that is not in English. It is a guttural 'g'. Attempt to make a hard h sound, as in German and Hebrew, while saying the g sound.
Does it sound more like the English y at the beginning of a word though? I have heard several times, as in this sentence, where that seems to be the case.
It really depends almost exclusively on the sound of the letter following. If there's an "ε" or "ι" sound following, it sounds like the German "j" in the word "jeder" and like the "yi" in "yin", respectively. If it is followed by an "ο", "ω", or "α", it sounds like "go" or "ga" in Spanish when it's in the middle or end of a word, like "fuego" and "delgado", respectively.
thanks, I was wondering about that ! I am still confused with the pronunciation because I am used to the classical Greek one, where gamma was gamma all the time ( at least it is the way I was taught 66 years ago when I started to learn it on a French basis).
Awesome, thank you, and thank you guys so much for making this course! I have been looking forward to it greatly!
ΓΚ is the English G in go
Γ is Y in yes * **BEFORE an
ε-sound (αι, ε) or an
ι-sound (ει, η, ι, οι, υ)
OTHERWISE a French R or gargle g in your throat
Futhermore Greeks transcribe foreign names so that they pronounce them exactly like the originals: Τζωρτζ Γκέρσουιν = George Gershwin, Γκράχαμ Γκρην = Graham Green, Γέιλ = Yale , Όσκαρ Γουάιλντ = Oscar Wilde
It's an aspirated h. So basically, make an h sound but make your teeth (almost) touch and blow harder than you do with an English h.
No. 'Sh' doesn't exist in Greek - it can only be found in certain regional dialects. 'ς' is pronounced the same as 'σ', i.d. like the European Spanish 's', more or less.
we use ς only at the end of the word and σ at the beginning or middle of the word :)
Just me or anyone else having trouble with the sound button? It won't play for me Y_Y
What is the difference between "η" and "το" ? Can someone please explain this to me?
Ο, ο = singular masculine article
Η, η = singular female article
Το, το = singular neutral
Οι, οι = plural masculine & feminine
Τα, τα = plural neutral
I can totally understand your confusion. As I posted above, the gamma is closer to the Spanish 'g' before certain vowels inside the word (not in the beginning of it) and before the 'r' (again inside the word). But the course is directed to speakers of English, and the closest equivalent is the 'w'.
Duolingo says "το" can be "a" or "the"; I translated this as "a fact" and it said I was wrong. Is there a rule why it should be "the fact" instead of "a fact"? How can I know it's one and not the other? Or is it a duolingo mistake?
You learn by mistake and repetition. Before starting a lesson you're able to see what words that lesson will teach. In advance you can search for the meaning or you can simply learn by your mistakes while taking the lesson. The ultimate prize that you win in Duolingo is learning. :-)
When is γ pronounced ʝ and when ɣ? What's the rule, beginning/middle of a word or there's something else?
Before an ε sound (ε or αι) or an ι sound (ι,η,υ,υι,οι,ει) it is pronounced as ʝ. Otherwise, it's a ɣ. ;)
Audio: Why does she pronounce the ς in the γεγονός like a sh instead of a s?. I am dependent on learning by hearing and training (learning a natural way) before I am able to understand grammar from books...so please, make the audio on the basic level right! The audio is what could make Duo Lingo different from all other language courses, the audio is the most important thing to be correct!