"The ape is not a reptile"
Translation:Ο πίθηκος δεν είναι ερπετό
You can find a lot of videos on YouTube explaining the use of articles in Greek. I believe that similar to other languages (e.g. Spanish, German, etc.) you learn this by knowing the word's gender (masculine, feminine or neuter).
Probably here in Duolingo you can check this post.
Hope this helps!
Yes in scientific terms an ape is different from a monkey. If some people confuse them in every day speech is by mistake . Although some animals are in the same family/category, they don't have to be confused. An ape, a monkey and a gorilla are all different animals much likely as a horse, a zebra and a donkey. Thanks for your understanding!
Thanks - and apologies for my scientific ignorance. From a linguistic point of view, it would be useful to know whether Greeks make the same mistake in mixing them up as English people do or whether they clearly understand the distinction in everyday speech. In English, gorilla never gets confused with ape or monkey for some reason.
I'm typing this on an English keyboard and am usually successful finding the "correct" letters to use in place of the Greek ones, however, I'm not having much success with this one. I write the answer "Ο πίθηκος δεν είναι ερπετό" like this: "O pithikos den einai erpeto" ("den" works for other answers, even though I know it's pronounced "then"), and I can't figure out where my mistake is.
The negative particle δεν always anticipates the verb. It's just like that.
While some grammar types can move in the sentence (changing slightly the meaning or giving more importance to certain words), the negative particle goes always before the verbs.
- Εγώ δεν θέλω λεφτά / Δεν θέλω εγώ λεφτά / Λεφτά εγώ δεν θέλω / Εγώ λεφτά δεν θέλω = I do not want money
- Αυτός δεν ήρθε χθες / Χθες αυτός δεν ήρθε / Αυτός χθες δεν ήρθε / Δεν ήρθε χθες αυτός = He did not come yesterday
Exceptions are when we use pronouns:
- Εγώ αυτό δεν το θέλω / Δεν το θέλω εγώ αυτό / Αυτό δεν το θέλω εγώ / Αυτό εγώ δεν το θέλω = I do not want this
For further information, check this page.