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Ænglisc / Old English - Lesson XXII - Adjectives III ( Adjectives with an æ in the stem!)

[I TAKE NO PERSONAL CREDIT FOR THESE LESSONS]

Well, I'm back, refreshed, and ready for the lesson, albeit one that may confuse, and even I have to double-take (for more info on adjectives, click here)

Ƿesaþ ġē hāl!

If you missed the previous lesson (Strong Declension - General) click here -

Now that you all know about how adjectives work in OE, time to go over a special rule for adjectives with an æ in the stem!

If an adjective has a monosyllabic stem and has æ for its vowel, and the æ is followed by a single consonant, as in the words glæd ("glad") and blæc ("black), then an extra rule comes into play: the æ changes to an a whenever the adjective acquires a suffix which begins with a vowel.

Rule (and example using glæd (glad):

Nom.

(M Sing) - [glæd]

(N Sing) - [glæd]

(F Sing) -u [gladu]

(M Plural) -e [glade]

(N Plural) -u [gladu]

(F Plural) -e [glade]

Acc.

(M Sing) -ne [glædne]

(N Sing) - [glæd]

(F Sing) -u [gladu]

(M Plural) -e [glade]

(N Plural) -u [gladu]

(F Plural) -e [glade]

Gen.

(M Sing) -es [glades]

(N Sing) -es [glades]

(F Sing) -re [glædre]

(M Plural) -ra [glædra]

(N Plural) -ra [glædra]

(F Plural) -ra [glædra]

Dat.

(M Sing) -um [gladum]

(N Sing) -um [gladum]

(F Sing) -re [glædre]

(M Plural) -um [gladum]

(N Plural) -um [gladum]

(F Plural) -um [gladum]

Instrum.

(M Sing) -e [glade]

(N Sing) -e [glade]

(F Sing) -re [glædre]

(M Plural) -um [gladum]

(N Plural) -um [gladum]

(F Plural) -um [gladum]

If this has inspired you/ started you to think that OE may be for you, check out Leornende Eald Englisc, here

If you haven't already, please endorse / upvote the Course suggestion page for Old English below to increase the chance of a Duolingo course:

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September 18, 2016

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